Sir Roderick Carnegie, “Responsibilities,”
a talk at Australian Institute of Management Victoria, August 6, 1979.
Published as a pamphlet by Conzinc Riotinto of Australia Limited.

As the Modest Member and Modest Farmer, Bert Kelly, says in his latest book, “Even Members of Parliament behave in a surprisingly sensible way if they think no one is watching them.” Mavis would admit that managers can do the same.

Many of you would agree too much of our current public discussion is conducted from previously prepared defensive positions. It is like trench warfare.

Trench warfare is characterised by a no man’s land between two embattled armies. The senior officers on both sides spouting brave slogans. The man in the trenches hoping to survive the dangers and get back home to a better life. As the films about the 1914-1918 war show … there is an awful lot of noise and smoke. Severe casualties on both sides. And after the noise of battle has cleared neither side has advanced.

My thoughts today may be different from the usual rhetoric of prepared positions. But they may stimulate your frank discussion. And hopefully cause you to rethink your positions.

There are things we can do as managers. There are things we must do, as part of our individual personal responsibility. If we cut away the nonsense, the jargon, the politics of blame and envy, managers do something very important. We carry the real responsibility of making our social institutions serve us well. Our real value to the Australian community is to be sure that enterprises, both public and private, do not squander the nation’s talents and resources.

Today, gloom is fashionable. Each new day should be a new beginning. But all too often the papers start it as a wake.

Bad news travels faster than good news, and there is a market for it. Are we in a twilight age? Have we a loss of confidence in political institutions? The loss of a spirited and healthy economy? A breakdown of traditional authority and standards in education, in culture, in language, in the family?

Is it really that bad? We do have a responsibility, a particular one for members of the Institute. To help educate and persuade other Australians that many of our problems are illusory. Most problems have been caused by individuals fighting each other and most can be solved by working together as a community.

Fashionable gloom is the reason why I wanted to start with the subject of responsibility. Because responsibility is an unfashionable word. In all the fashionable gloom about the future, there is still a realistic case for optimism. We should all have greater faith in the good sense of ordinary Australians. We, the managers, must lead the community towards reasoning together.

We must be prepared to get out of the trenches and go at least a little way into No Man’s Land.

There are real trenches. There are those on the left, a minority, who want to change our system entirely.

There are, on the right, a minority just as damaging who want to destroy our capacity to make any change in the present for something better.

There is a silent majority of people in the middle who resent these extremes. The quiet and sensible Australians who are the real strength of our society. If we can reason together we will find that support from the community, which is already large, is capable of growing larger.

Rights and responsibilities are not just clichés in an argument about industrial relations. In our own families each member has both rights and responsibilities.

Every parent knows that problem of teaching children about what is a right and what is not. When we visit the milk bar children have the right to ask for an ice-cream, but not the right to get one each time.

Every parent knows of the cases in which children have been spoiled because nobody was willing to accept the responsibility to say no.

Every society deals every day with the problem of balancing rights and responsibilities. The answers are different from time to time, and from place to place. Traffic safety is an obvious example. The Victorian consensus for compulsory safety belts and breathalysers is not shared, and indeed vigorously opposed, in other communities.

Responsibility is the willing acceptance of reasonable discipline on our own behaviour and performance, assessed by the standards of the community in which we live. It is time we made responsibility more fashionable in action.

Too often, those in the trench on the left see only the benefits and arbitrary privileges of ownership. Too often those in the trench on the right see only the growing power and irresponsibility of unions. Both are looking through their periscopes with tunnel vision. Managers cannot afford tunnel vision. We must expose ourselves to the risk of reality. Breaking in upon our preconceptions by entering into No Man’s Land.

There are some things we can do. I want to concentrate on five points today.

ONE — A Manager’s job is to get things done, with and through people.

TWO — Success can only possibly come through working together, with mutual trust.

THREE — To solve the present difficulties of industrial relations, we have to reason together, not just shout. If we don’t reason, how can we expect others to do so?

FOUR — Managers must defend the freedom of the market system. All the more so if we are in statutory corporations or publicly-owned enterprises.

FIVE — We all have to get out and talk about what we believe in. Not sermons, but the much harder task of talking quietly together.

If we managers do our job, I am confident that Australia and Australians can and will beat the gloom.

Managers work with and through people. Vital: Vital to every productive enterprise. Vital to the community and the country.

With and through people. Without that essential element, what use are the national resources that we talk about? What use, indeed, are the human resources if they are not encouraged and helped to work in satisfying and productive jobs.

Let’s start making the Manager important. Management takes:

Neither genius nor heroism, but rather persistence, tough-mindedness, hard work, intelligence, analytical ability and — perhaps most of all, tolerance and goodwill.

We know that, even on our bad days, we are doing a creative and challenging job. That we are serving the community. That we are making the difficult decisions which create jobs from a mixture of complicated ideas and changing facts. It is time we told a few other people about it — and, as I said in Brisbane earlier this year, it would not be a bad idea to start with our own children!

With some exceptions, Australia’s performance is poor by world standards in two areas:

  1. International competitive efficiency, and
  2. Productivity growth.

Australia’s performance must be improved if our national cake is to grow to meet all our aspirations and expectations.

We need to make the concept of productivity properly understood. Productivity is not about forcing ordinary Australians to sweat in some nightmare horror of an ever-faster assembly line. It is not about frightened junior executives working back on rush figures. It means working smarter. It need not even mean working harder. It certainly means helping Australians to work more effectively. It means modern plants and equipment, new technology. Less production and administrative waste and more competitiveness by international standards are basic to the growth of Australian industry. Above all, more competitiveness and more exports mean more jobs to the young.

We know that. Does the ordinary Australian, who works in our enterprises, know it? We certainly don’t get the story through to our people effectively enough.

We need to encourage a community sense of mutual trust as a major and living responsibility. It is not simply in industrial relations that this is needed. It goes much further than that. It is the vital difference between going flat out but playing fair within the rules of the game, and bending the rules to win at all costs.

Mutual trust and respect for fair play is much less common in our community now than when we grew up. It will be a serious loss if all Australians do not strive hard to regain it.

I say, very soberly and with more than a little worry, that this aspect of working together and of mutual trust at all levels of an organisation is one in which we have much to learn. We can learn from the Japanese, the Germans, and from other communities which have had to rebuild consensus after it has been painfully destroyed.

I hope we do not come to that before we begin to learn. If as managers and decision makers in this community we do try a little harder, we do get out of the trenches, we may rebuild shared goals before we come to that point of national crisis.

All management and leadership finally depend on consent. We ought to remember the old Japanese proverb which goes roughly; that disaster comes when you pull the same old string but there is nobody at the other end.

Mutual trust comes from a sense of fairness and agreement on the basic aims and methods of an organisation. If managers and leaders fail to explain and persuade, their followers’ trust can break down. Bligh had his mutiny when his sailors lost trust. It can happen in nations.

Ordinary people want to have trust. There was a notable incident in the midst of the war at Christmas 1917.

The iron discipline broke down, and ordinary soldiers of both sides mingled peacefully in No Man’s Land. An officer, and a manager, cannot assume consent or obedience. We make a grave error, in whichever trench we happen to be, if we assume that everyone will stay there willingly fighting on our side forever.

Managers naturally think of segmenting a market as part of our professional skills. Let us be very conscious that we can not segment a nation in the same way, by artificial divisions between Liberal and Labor, or between management and unions.

We should remember that to a lot of ordinary Australians, the tendency to “union-bashing” in the last six months looks very much indeed like the “business bashing” which some of us went through in 1973 and 1974. While the community gets irritated by strikes, and polls suggest most Australians are anti strikes, the polls also show that they believe that strike action by their own union is completely justified. People don’t always vote one way simply because they happen to be labelled “managers” or “unionists” or “businessmen”.

When ordinary Australians begin increasingly to see their leaders as lacking in credibility, in long-term thinking, and in simple plain honesty — when that point comes, the mutual trust on which every society is built begins to be at risk.

There can be a better way. Every manager must keep on trying and trying until he or she finds it.

Industrial relations. Even to talk about this subject is risky unless you sit firmly in one of the two opposing trenches. Go into No Man’s Land, and the minimum risk is that you will be misquoted, more likely it will take you a long time to recover and you will show scars. Often the greatest risk you run is not from the other side but from misdirected sniping or massing shelling from your own.

You may remember the wound bashfully described to the visiting Queen Moth by the shy Highland soldier who was confined to his hospital bed by shots hitting the fleshy part of the lower back. It has happened to anyone who speaks out.

We have a legal wage setting system based largely on a work type union structure. Employers are broadly represented by associations in this system. But people — managers and craftsmen — work together in individual enterprises — some large some small. How can the enterprise relate better to its people? How can the legalism of our industrial arbitration system be best modified?

To keep looking for better ways is a responsibility for every manager, and we mislead ourselves if we think there is a single recipe which someone else can prepare for us.

It is critically important that we concentrate on the enterprise since this matters most in the long term — to the people who work with us. With us, not for us.

Too often we fail to mention these vital factors in the arid confrontations of industrial relations. Too often we overlook them in our relations with managerial staff.

The vital factors cannot be quantified, cannot be purchased, cannot be negotiated but can only be given when and if they are earned. They are intangible. They are important. They are things like loyalty; initiative; enthusiasm. The responsibility for achieving these lies with this audience.

This year Senator Rae attacked the incredible and apparently unsupervised spread and survival of statutory authorities. But he did not stop there. He call, in that same speech, for a continuous review of our private enterprise system.

He said very rightly:

The system has to be efficient, fair and supported by a large proportion of the population. If employees do not feel that they are involved in it or if they do not feel they have the opportunity to participate on a fair basis, then I believe they are more likely to be attracted to other approaches …

Let me quote from Professor Elliot Jacques in his important book A General Theory of Bureaucracy:

If a society values the work and creativeness of its people … in the same way as it values animals in a cattle market, there need be no surprise if people respond with consternation, confusion, apparent unreasonableness and greed, and eventually (perhaps over many decades) with hostile rejection of that society.

Our economic activity can and must be combined with respect for personal dignity and the value and importance of each individual, or are we indeed heading for a gloomy future, and we are avoiding a specific responsibility of management. We have to find new ways to solve industrial relation problems with these in mind.

The market system. The way of adjusting the balance between demand and supply for good and services. Even if you are a member of the Institute who happens to work in administration rather than in the factory, or as an officer in the Armed Services rather than as a retail manager, the market system is important to you.

In supposedly command or planned economies, the market keeps returning in the cracks between departments and collectives and factories. When someone has something to exchange and others want it a market is soon created as the best way of achieving individual wishes.

The market system is the only way which can give people what they want in bewildering variety. To give people what they want, not what some self-elected or self-appointed group thinks people ought to want.

And, while each of us may be involved in political activity of some kind in our community, it is only the market system which permits people to prosper while being indifferent to politics.

It is only the market system which can solve distribution without queues and rationing.

Only under the market system is there respect for the individual rights of the eccentric and the dissenter.

Some people thing differently, pointing to the harsh choices in the market if it is too arrogantly applied to people or without responsibility by the seller. But I personally remain unashamedly pro-market and pro-private enterprise. All other systems seem worse.

Several hundred years of history remain the test for me. A record performance in creating riches for the individual and maximum freedom as well, of achieving a broad distribution of the results of growth, obtaining a constant renewal to meet the changing pattern of what people want. In the Jackson Committee work, we sent study teams into the planned economies of Eastern Europe. They, like China, envy the efficiency of the West and plan to copy the motive power, the free market for goods and services.

The market is not always popular with politicians or with the bureaucrats who serve them. That’s not a new problem. Every time you design a lovely new plan or a nice, tidy, well-organised, committee-drafted blueprint for the future, along comes some difficult shortsighted entrepreneur and does it differently, and generally better, and makes that lovely plan obsolete.

Not a new problem. If you go back 1700 years, the Emperor Diocletian was persuaded by his first and second division public servants that one good reform could cure it all. Diocletian’s great edict, from which many historians date the progressively more rapid decline of the Roman Empire, began with words that still represent what too many planners really think about the market. I quote:

Uncontrolled economic activity is a religion of the Godless.

The market beat Diocletian. The market will still beat the modern advocates of planning. But we ought, as managers, to think once a week at least whether we are really giving it a fair go. Are we trying to get government help for us, and really undercutting the strength of private enterprises in the long run? Getting the government out of the way and out of everyone’s pocket is a better way than seeking protective quotas, higher tariffs or subsidies.

Getting out and talking. It can and must be done. It is unavoidable responsibility on every manager to talk and persuade people about what he believes. The manager must not just retreat to the dugout and grumble cynically about politicians and bureaucrats and union leaders.

My own concept of the responsibility or a business may be described as the “stakeholder” concept of the enterprise. Responsible managers of responsible enterprises can be our path towards success, not only in our individual stations but in Australian society as a whole.

Responsible private enterprise can accommodate individualism, and individual responsibility, and couple this with the recognition of the need for co-operation and partnership and concern for others.

I do say there is an overwhelming responsibility on managers like us to get out of the trenches and go into No Man’s Land.

I do say there is a responsibility to deny that individualism fights against community, in our organisations or in society as a whole.

I do say as you may have read in Management Review in June, that Reg Jones of General Electric is right about business when he says, “It is not enough to make more widgets at less cost.”

I do say we have a responsibility as managers to inform, communicate, educate; and, there is a difference between listening and hearing which we often ignore.

I do say that it can be lonely at first in No Man’s Land.

But if we reason together as Australians we are likely to find some remarkable agreement on priorities.

I want to mention one example of this in practice. We have to learn the courage of such people as Bert Kelly, who, almost on his own, pursued his mission for long-term economic good sense over twenty years. Twenty years of criticism and ridicule by people in both trenches whose major concern was next week or next year. Twenty years of critics who found his defence of a free market incompatible with their short term profits.

When we talk we should throw away business jargon and talk plain English. Bert Kelly has done more for private enterprise than all the sermons and White Papers in the world, with his homely point about governments meaning well and doing badly:

An economy is like a bucket of worms,
It is changing and turning all the time,
And if it isn’t changing it dies,
And the smell is awful.

Of course, there are potentially grave problems for Australia, internally and externally, over the next twenty-five years.

But gloom demands action. It is not a comfortable excuse to do nothing. Problems are there to be solved, not administered.

The country is strong. We have resources and vast opportunities. We have community strength in skills, in education, and (when we get through to the typical Australian) in co-operative working together. We have children and grandchildren for whom we have the responsibility to make a better future. We will find this achievement through consultation, not through confrontation.

It can be done.

I am going to end with the story of Exodus as summarised by Bert Kelly. It has particular force at the moment, when almost every night I can see friends like Tony Street and Bob Hawke being asked on the box questions like, “Have you stopped beating your wife?” I quote:

You can imagine the trouble that Moses would have had if he had had to face a press conference every night as he led the Israelites out of Egypt.

Moses would perhaps look a bit bedraggled after a hard day on the hoof, and that would not go unnoticed.

Then some bright young reporter would want to know how far they had come today; how far did he expect to get tomorrow; and was he sure there wasn’t a short cut somewhere. [Source.]

Well, there is no short cut. There is a need to take responsibility. And even if the Red Sea is unlikely again to part conveniently, or the Treasurer’s deficit problems unlikely to be solved by a fall of manna before August 21, we still have to keep trying.

I believe less concentration on rights, and more concentration on responsibilities, is a pretty good way out of the wilderness and out of the trenches. It is a problem squarely in front of every manager.

Thank you.

(in order of appearance on
  1. Bert Kelly on his journalism
  2. Move for a body of Modest Members
  3. Modest Members Association
  4. Bert Kelly's Maiden Parliamentary Speech
  5. Government Intervention
  6. 1976 Monday Conference transcript featuring Bert Kelly
  7. Bert Kelly, Hayek and Mencken on the virtues of farmers
  8. Sound economics calls for quiet from government
  9. Petrol for Farmers
  10. Some Sacred Cows
  11. Experiences in Parliament
  12. Spending your Money
  13. Is Taxmania a politician fetish?
  14. How Bert Kelly repays a free feed
  15. Modest column #898
  16. Chicken-hearted feathered friends strange bedfellows on a feather bed?
  17. Who needs literary licence?
  18. A touch of Fred's anarchy
  19. Helping the farmers help themselves
  20. Standing on the shoulders of the downtrodden
  21. Supply and Demand
  22. Bert Kelly responds to claims he is arrogant and uncredentialed
  23. Politics: it's a very confusing business
  24. The best featherbeds run on rails
  25. Bert Kelly on Disaster Relief
  26. Bert Kelly Wants to Secede
  27. Blinded by their tears
  28. Anti-freedom pro-tobacco industry lobby harmed Australia
  29. Under Labor, is working hard foolish?
  30. An Idiot's Guide to Interventionism
  31. Is free priceless healthcare worthless?
  32. Can government kiss it better?
  33. Bert Kelly Destroys the Side Benefits Argument for Government
  34. Bert Kelly gets his head around big-headed bird-brained politics
  35. First Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  36. Second Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  37. Third Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  38. Fourth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  39. Fifth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  40. Sixth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  41. Bert Kelly on the 2011 Budget and Australia's Pathetic Journalists and Politicians
  42. Bert Kelly, Bastard or Simple Sod?
  43. Liberal Backbencher Hits Govt. Over Import Restrictions
  44. Bert Kelly feels a dam coming on at each election
  45. Bert Kelly Enters Parliament
  46. Why take in one another's washing?
  47. Bert Kelly breaks the law, disrespects government and enjoys it
  48. Gillard's galley-powered waterskiing
  49. State Premiers are always asking for more taxing powers
  50. Can price control really work?
  51. Should we put up with socialism?
  52. We're quick to get sick of socialism
  53. Time the protection racket ended
  54. Can't pull the wool over Farmer Fred
  55. People not Politics
  56. Bert Kelly admits he should have had less faith in politicians
  57. The inspirational incentivising Dear Leader Gough Whitlam
  58. Labor: a girl who couldn't say no
  59. Why leading businessmen carry black briefcases
  60. Ludwig von Mises on page 3 of AFR
  61. Bert Kelly's empowering feminism
  62. Another shot at motor car madness
  63. Mavis wants the Modest Member to dedicate his book to her
  64. What if the whole country is swindled?
  65. Moss Cass: "Flood plains are for floods"
  66. A worm's eye view
  67. Eccles returns to haunt us
  68. How to grip a politician's ear
  69. It's hard to digest this economic cake
  70. Time to Butcher "Aussie Beef"
  71. Cold water on government-instigated irrigation schemes
  72. Hooray for Ord River Dam!
  73. Tariffs paid by exporters
  74. The problem of principles v popularity
  75. If you support State Quotas, where will your logic take you?
  76. Against guidance by government
  77. A socialist in Liberal clothing
  78. Never ask the government to help
  79. Don't listen to economists!
  80. Bert Kelly's revolutionary strategy
  81. Welfare state incentivises bludging and being thrown out of work
  82. It all sounds like bloody politics to Fred
  83. Mavis wants me to get in for my chop
  84. Whitlam's July 1973 25% tariff cut
  85. Bert Kelly on Import Quotas
  86. Good directions when government backseat driving, like reversing down wrong side of road
  87. Barriers to imports are barriers to exports
  88. "I was right" — but he's off to hospital ...
  89. Kicking the multinationals is too easy
  90. Bert Kelly reviews The War Diaries of Weary Dunlop
  91. Bert Kelly reviews We Were There
  92. Tariffs get the fork-tongue treatment
  93. Bert Kelly reduces government to its absurdities
  94. Politician sacrifices his ... honesty
  95. It's all a matter of principle
  96. Bert Kelly Destroys the Infant Industry Argument
  97. Bert Kelly Untangles Tariff Torment
  98. Bert Kelly resorts to prayer
  99. Eccles keeps our nose hard down on the tariff grindstone
  100. "Don't you believe in protecting us against imports from cheap labour countries?"
  101. Even if lucky, we needn't be stupid
  102. Great "freedom of choice" mystery
  103. Small government's growth problem
  104. I like my kind acts to get a mention in the press
  105. A Modest Member rakes the embers
  106. Tariffs Introduced
  107. More About Tariffs
  108. Sacred cow kicker into print
  109. Bert Kelly's 1984 two-article quote-collection on Aboriginal policies
  110. Modest Member must not give up
  111. Traditional Wheat Farming is Our Birthright and Heritage and Must be Protected!
  112. Tariff-cut nonsense lives on
  113. Bert Kelly brilliantly defends "theoretical academics"
  114. The high cost of protection
  115. Generosity creates problems
  116. The Society of Modest Members
  117. John Hyde's illogical, soft, complicated, unfocussed and unsuccessful attempt to communicate why he defends markets
  118. Modesty ablaze
  119. Case for ministers staying home
  120. The unusual self-evident simplicity of the Modest Members Society
  121. Animal lib the new scourge of the bush
  122. The Association for the Prevention of Cruelty to Krill
  123. modest members society
  124. Repeal economic laws, force people to buy new cars and enforce tariffs against overseas tennis players
  125. Thoughts on how to kill dinosaurs
  126. Let's try the chill winds
  127. Taking the Right's road
  128. Bert Kelly: "I did not try often or hard enough"
  129. Bert Kelly "lacked ... guts and wisdom"
  130. A look at life without tariffs
  131. The Gospel according to Bert
  132. Tiny note on Bert Kelly's column in The Bulletin in 1985
  133. Why costs can't be guaranteed
  134. Hitting out with a halo
  135. Paying farmers not to grow crops will save on subsidies, revenge tariffs, etc
  136. "The Modest Farmer joins us" | "How The Modest Farmer came to be"
  137. Bert Kelly Destroys the Freeloading Justifies Government Argument
  138. Industrial Relations Club shovellers
  139. From Shann to Stone
  140. Government Intervention
    Government Interference
  141. A sojourn in the real world
  142. The tariff wind swings
  143. Bigger Cake = Bigger Slices
  144. Bert Kelly on the Political Process
  145. A charabanc called protection
  146. Taken for a ride - to nowhere
  147. Down hill, in circles, all the way
  148. Economic facts and figures are statistics who should speak out
  149. Any cons arguing small business bad but big government good?
  150. Relationships with the Liberal Party
  151. Tariffs = High Prices + World War
  152. Bert Kelly's Family History
  153. Bert Kelly's Pre-Parliament Life
  154. What the MP could say to the Bishop
  155. Why Bert Kelly was not even more publicly outspoken
  157. How to stand aside when it's time to be counted
  158. How the Modest Member went back to being a Modest Farmer
  159. My pearls of wisdom were dull beyond belief
  160. Bert Kelly on Political Football
  161. Undigested morsels in Fraser spew
  162. Bert Kelly on LSD
  163. Bert Kelly reflects on the Australian car industry in 1992
  164. Bert Kelly wants reprinted Shann's Economic History of Australia
  165. If tariffs are opposed here then why not there?
  166. The emperor has no textiles, clothing and footwear sense
  167. Ross Gittins Wins Bert Kelly Award
  168. Interesting 1964 Bert Kelly speech: he says he is not a free trader and that he supports protection!
  169. This is the wall the Right built
  170. Tariff Protection in Australia (1970)
  171. Has Santa socked it to car makers?
  172. Is the Budget a cargo cult?
  173. Will we end up subsidising one another?
  174. Keeping the bucket of worms alive
  175. Can we get off the stomach-churning head-spinning tariff merry-go-round?
  176. Do we want our money to fly?
  177. Can a bear be sure of a feed?
  178. How to impress your MP -
    ambush him
  179. The time for being nice to our MPs has gone ...
  180. Don't feel sorry for him -
    hang on to his ear
  181. Trade wars can easily end up on a battlefield
  182. Tariffs Create Unemployment
  183. Bert Kelly recommends Ayn Rand
  184. Bert Kelly on Alf Rattigan's Industry Assistance: The Inside Story
  185. Bert Kelly's Satirical Prophecy: Minister for Meteorology (tick) and High Protectionist Policies to Result in War Yet Again (?)
  186. Bert Kelly in 1972 on Foreign Ownership of Australian Farmland and Warren Truss, Barnaby Joyce and Bill Heffernan in 2012
  187. Bert Kelly baits Welfare State Tiger
  188. Why does Govt wear two faces?
  189. Parliament a place for pragmatists
  190. Of Sugar Wells and Think-Tanks
  191. Bert Kelly: "I must take some of the blame"
  192. Bert Kelly on dumping duties
  193. The Govt's helping hand often hurts
  194. Unbuckling the hobbles on the motor industry
  195. A Modest Farmer looks at the Problems of Structural Change
  196. Government Fails Spectacularly
  197. Know your proper place if you want the quiet life
  198. Bert Kelly on political speech writers
  199. Having your cake and eating it
  200. Perish the thawed!
  201. Hooray for Northern Development!
  202. Politicians can resist everything except pressure
  203. The silly image of our MPs
  204. Bert Kelly Question Time highlights
  205. Modest Farmer sees his ideas take hold
  206. Should facts stand in the way of a good story?
  207. Fondling one another's glass haloes
  208. What is the sense in making the effort to look after yourself?
  209. Fred's Feeling: Counterpatriotic country contrarian
  210. Handouts for big boys only
  211. Mavis trying to buy a hand loom
  212. Bad news for bearers of bad news
  213. Is it time to get aboard the tariff band-waggon?
  214. Why farmers resent tariff protection for motor makers
  215. A sordid use of scare tactics
  216. Goods vs services
  217. Tariffs are hilariously counterproductive
  218. The dilemmas of Aboriginal Affairs
  219. Bert Kelly on decentralisation
  220. Inflation breeds moral decay
  221. Who envies equality?
  222. Growth – malignant or benign?
  223. Government wiser than Magna Carta
  224. Bert Kelly on looking to politicians for moral leadership
  225. Max Newton: Maverick in Exile
  226. Whitlam & co on the Dismissal
  227. 25% Tariff Cut
  228. Bert Kelly on pensions
  229. The backseat drivers of the Pilbara
  230. Mr Clunies-Ross of the Cocos Islands should rule Australia
  231. They get the wind up when it changes
  232. Why the Big Green Lie survives
  233. Ross McLean in 1982: "Malcolm! Why don't we try good government? It might be popular."
  234. Bert Kelly on the importance of exchange rate movements
  235. Bert Kelly shows how to attack
  236. Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly
  237. Industrial relations dinosaur, Bruce, chews his cud
  238. Hooray for "firmly entrenched"!
  239. Respect your dinosaurs
  240. What if something is "deeply ingrained" yet harmful?
  241. A case for ministerial inertia
  242. Why politicians don't like the truth
  243. Our great open spaces
  244. Ominous dark clouds are gathering
  245. Better to be popular than right
  246. Crying in the wilderness
  247. Ivory tower needs thumping
  248. Bert Kelly asks, "How can you believe in free enterprise and government intervention at the same time?"
  249. Politicians get undeserved praise, why not undeserved blame too?
  250. Feet in a bucket of champagne
  251. Rural Problems
  252. Health cover needs a $30 excess clause
  253. Unholy state of taxation
  254. Boring economics worth a smile
  255. The Libido for the Miserable
  256. Agricultural Development and Tariffs
  257. Fred's too poor to have principles
  258. Eccles Law of the constant wage share
  259. "He whom the gods would destroy ..."
  260. Low tariff torch burnt Eccles' fingers
  261. A cow of a car — with dual horns
  262. Tariffs: when to wean infant BHP?
  263. Keep any government as far as possible from farming
  264. The Playford charade is out of date
  265. Bert Kelly: the odd man out who's now in
  266. Dries must resist giving up struggle as going gets tough
  267. How a well meaning Government can be so stupid
  268. The icing on the economic cake
  269. Sir Roderick Carnegie's foreword to Bert Kelly's Economics Made Easy
  270. The Vale of Popularity and the Protection Procession
  271. Politics 101: Pay Lip Service to Capitalism and Shoot the Messenger
  272. Bert Kelly makes politicians eat their own words on tariffs, then says, "We cannot be blamed for treating the statements of our statesmen with cynical contempt"
  273. Bert Kelly on Free Enterprise
  274. Cartoons of protected industry, the welfare teat and the nanny state
  275. Bert Kelly on the theory of constant shares and the Fabian Society
  276. Bert Kelly vs Doug Anthony
  277. You're lucky if you escape being helped by government
  278. Bert Kelly on Small Farmers
  279. Bert Kelly on Apathy
  280. Bert Kelly in 1967 on "problems of government and things like that"
  281. The last "Dave's Diary"
  282. Bert Kelly vs The Australian on tariffs in 1977
  283. Bounties or Tariffs, Someone Pays
  284. Geriatric companies without a minder
  285. A free marketeer wary of free trade
  286. Nixon's puzzling profession of faith
  287. "Ford ... seems to spend more time bending its knees than its back"
  288. Clyde Cameron's weak ways with wise words
  289. Why flaunt what others flout?
  290. Bert Kelly yearns for Tim Flannery's powers of prediction
  291. Looking after yourself is silly
  292. Bert Kelly masterpiece on drought, fire, flood and other natural disaster relief schemes
  293. Government can take credit for our car industry mess
  294. Car makers want the 4wd driven deeper into tariff bog
  295. Why our MP is no longer prone to a good sob story
  296. Auto industry is in a straitjacket
  297. Bert Kelly on market predictions
  298. Why should dryland farmers subsidise irrigation farmers?
  299. How much should government decrease incentive for independence from government?
  300. Clarkson crowned Deputy Government Whip
  301. Bert Kelly to blame for soaring government healthcare costs
  302. 1959 return of Dave's Diary
  303. Bert Kelly in 1966 on developing northern Australia
  304. Successful government intervention can [sic] occur
  305. Vernon Report upholds Clarkson
  306. Quiet Man Makes An Impact
  307. Should it be compulsory to buy footwear and clothing?
  308. To save Australian clothing industry women must all wear same uniform
  309. Don't confuse plucking heart strings with plucking harp strings
  310. Speech only for public
  311. Catchy Tariff Circus Extravaganza
  312. Bert Kelly in 1985 on cars yet again
  313. Hurrah for the Gang of Five
  314. Thoughts on a verse about Balfour
  315. Bert Kelly pep talk to politicians
  316. Government intervention = Agony postponed but death brought nearer
  317. Recipe for disaster: Freeze!
  318. Recipe for government intervention: Gather winners and scatter losers
  319. Recipe for industry destruction: Blanket market signals
  320. Mavis writes!
  321. Bert Kelly's empiricism is not kneejerk reaction kind
  322. The $2,000 song of the shirt worker
  323. Subsiding only small farmers means subsiding the big banks
  324. Difficult to be fast on your feet when you've got your ear to the ground
  325. It would surprise people to see how sensible MPs behave if they think they are not being watched
  326. Bert Kelly on "this land of limitless resources" and "great open spaces"
  327. Growing bananas at the South Pole
  328. Car components tariff protection under fire
  329. Why carry a $300m car subsidy?
  330. Tariff feather beds for the foreign giants
  331. Bert Kelly says end compulsory voting to stop donkey vote
  332. Perhaps being smart and insured isn't all luck
  333. You gets your tariff, you pays a price
  334. More funds to train Olympians?
  335. Fire in their guts and wind in ours
  336. Should free universal healthcare include pets?
  337. Sound advice from a modest farmer
  338. A tottering monument to intervention
  339. Cunning meets wisdom
  340. Competition, Aussie-style: Who's the bigger parasite?
  341. Australians are proud patriotic parasites, says Bert Kelly
  342. Taxpayer-funded sport is cheating
  343. Being loved by all is not always a good thing
  344. Welfare State Destroys Society
  345. 1980 Bert Kelly feather bed series
  346. The White Mice Marketing Board
  347. Government intervention and advice can be harmful, even when right, even for those it tries to help
  348. One small step on the compulsory voting landmine
  349. The free & compulsory education sacred cows have no clothes
  350. Holding a loaded wallet to an economist's head
  351. Political No Man's Land
  352. Only blind greed demands both equality and prosperity
  353. A cow that sucks itself — that's us!
  354. Nip the bud of incentive; mock community spirit into submission
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