More featuring Bert Kelly»

1. Sugar — sweet and sour (August 21, 1984)
2. Sugar not so sweet (August 28, 1984)
3. A proper way to behave (September 18, 1984)

Bert Kelly, “Sugar — sweet and sour,” The Bulletin, August 21, 1984, p. 135.

Fred has a bee in his bonnet about selling his sheep-wheat farm down here so that he can go to Queensland to grow sugar. I warned him that sugar prices were very low, so the industry was very sick at the moment, but he insisted that this was the right time to buy in. He said nastily:

I know it is your usual practice to buy cattle when they are dear and sell them when they are cheap but that is what has kept you poor, Bert. Wheat farms are selling well just now and sugar land is sure to be cheap because sugar prices are down, so I am going to have a look. Besides, it is lovely and warm up there and wet and cold down here. And they have that wonderful Uncle Sir Joh as their Premier so we wouldn’t have to contend with the creeping socialism that troubles us here. You can stay home, but I’m off.

So to Queensland we went. Getting away was easier than it used to be when we had to sneak past the bank where the banker always seemed to be looking out of his window. But both Fred and I have sons to run our places so the banker let us go without much fuss — and without much money, either!

We called in on Eccles in his ivory tower in Canberra as we drove north. Eccles does not know much about sugar-growing but, of course, that did not prevent him telling us how the industry should conduct its affairs.

Ignorance has never been a barrier to eloquence with Eccles. He told us that, in recent years, the sugar industry has been receiving very little — if any — subsidy from consumers or governments and has been in a fiercely competitive export market bedevilled by heavily subsidised EEC sugar. “But watch out, Fred,” Eccles warned, “the industry is controlled by the Queensland Government in a way a wheat farmer like you may not be able to understand.” But Fred and I knew that he was talking nonsense because everyone is aware that Queensland is the last bastion against socialism.

When we reached the sugar country, Fred went to see a land agent to give him the good news that he was in the market to buy a sugar cane farm — expecting that the agent would be all over him. But it wasn’t like that at all.

The first question the agent asked was not whether Fred had enough money but whether he was a fit and proper person, good enough to be allowed into the industry. This rather staggered Fred. He has always had a suspicion that farmers are more virtuous than other people but he did not realise that you had to demonstrate your virtue before you were allowed to start growing sugar. Evidently, with sugar, virtue is not something you accumulate as you get poorer by farming but you have to have it to start.

Having cast this shadow on Fred’s character, the agent warned him that, even if were as virtuous as Sir Joh himself, there was little chance of his being able to get his hands on an “entitlement” to grow sugar. Evidently, entitlements are a refined way of referring to quotas. They are given out very sparingly; only 16 since 1964.

It is no good having a farm unless you can get an entitlement and these are allotted by people already in the industry. It seems that the sugar cane can of worms hardly turns at all. Just how sick would the wheat industry be now if it had stayed in the same locations and in the same shape over the past 20 years? But, evidently, they hate change in the sugar industry.

Then the agent warned Fred that, even if his character were of the required high standard and if he were fortunate to know someone high up in the industry hierarchy and so got himself an entitlement, he should not delude himself that he could do what he liked on his own farm.

Evidently, a cane farmer is only allowed to grow cane on certain parts of his farm and an inspector comes around to make sure he is not using any others land on the sly. So rotating his crop around his farm to make the best use of its fertility, as we do with wheat, is not allowed. And everything has to be done as the inspector orders; you are not allowed to cut your cane quicker than the sugar mill and its inspector permit and, as we will see next week, the sugar mills also hate having their feather beds disturbed.

While this sad recital was in progress, I watched Fred’s enthusiasm evaporating. The sugar industry evidently hates change but this does not surprise me. Eccles always warns me that all people — even farmers — who get themselves comfortably settled on feather beds hate having to turn over, particularly to let others join them there.

Now that sugar prices are so low, sugar growers would no doubt appreciate having more feathers in their mattress. All the same, I think they would be better off without it.

Bert Kelly, “Sugar not so sweet,” The Bulletin, August 28, 1984, p. 136.

Last week I told how Fred had induced me to go with him to Queenland to see if he should sell his South Australian wheat-sharp property to buy a sugar farm. One reason for this was his conviction that, in Queensland, he would not have to suffer the creeping socialism that dogs us down here.

However, it has been a nasty shock for Fred to find that sugar growing is under the iron hand of the Queensland Government with the willing agreement of the sugar industry leaders who like being looked after even if it is bad for them.

I have had many sceptical enquiries about last week’s statement that Fred would not be allowed into the industry unless he could prove he was a person of good character. People seemed to think I must have made that up. But under section 37 of the Regulation of Sugar Cane Prices Act, applicants to buy land with an entitlement to grow sugar “must demonstrate that the prices or terms of a proposed sale, lease or sub-lease, letting or transfer, are not unreasonable or unfair and that the buyer or lessee is a fit and proper person to hold an assignment.”

There is nothing in writing in the Act about the desirability of being a member of a political party or secret society but no doubt this could be mentioned at the personal interview.

The same Act contains the stern injunction that the Central Sugar Board, when allotting entitlements to grow sugar, must have regard to “the provision of the utmost employment of labour economically possible under reasonable wages and conditions.” It is surprising they do not command their farmers to use horses instead of tractors to create employment.

Last week the land agent scared the daylights out of Fred by telling him how closely the Queensland Government controlled the way cane farmers managed their farms. This week we will take a quick look at how the milling side of the industry is controlled by the government, this last bastion against socialism.

I have before me a copy of the Queensland Government Gazette dated April 20, 1983, which spells out the regulations to control the relations between the Rocky Point Sugar Mill and the growers who supply it. I understand that these are typical of what is required for all mills. There are four closely-printed pages of the most minute directions about what has to be done and when. Crushing had to commence on August 2 this year (3.5 months ahead) and from then on all procedures were either spelt out in regulations or were under the control of the cane inspector who controlled everything else.

The land agent told Fred that the regulations direct each farmer to send his cane to a particular mill. The costs of transport are averaged over all suppliers to the mill, thus destroying any incentive to cut corners in transport.

Further, the allocation of cane to the mills is done on historical and equity grounds rather than on the basis of what is the best way to manage matters today. Yet conditions now are so different to those in 1915 when the industry arrangements seem to have been set in concrete. It is not surprising, then, to find that mill numbers and locations have remained unaltered for 60 years in spite of enormous changes in technology and the size of the industry.

The regulations that control the sugar industry are centred on protecting it from the discomfort of change. The industry was conceived and grew up in the sheltering arms of governments and it hates the thought of being weaned, even late in life. This dependence on government support explains the regulation which I quoted before that demands the maximum use of labour.

I know that change is almost always uncomfortable. But a bucket of worms that stops turning soon dies and people who are not disturbed on their feather beds soon get drowsy.

Cane farmers seem to have faced the traumas of change on their farms but they seem scared of change to their entitlement system and particularly to the way their cane is handled after it leaves their farm gates. Yet such changes are inevitable in the long run.

This is not only the opinion of wheat farmers such as Fred and I or even that know all Eccles. I quote now a retiring official of the Central Sugar Cane Prices Board, who said last year: “The regulations of the Sugar Cane Producers Act creak and growl like an old un-oiled windmill!” Those bushies who have such a windmill — and most of us have — will have a very clear idea of the behaviour of the sugar industry.

Fred came back home with his tail between his legs. He says that he never wants to hear another word about Uncle Sir Joh being the last bastion against socialism.

Bert Kelly, “A proper way to behave,”
The Bulletin, September 18, 1984, p. 150.

Eccles, Fred and I are back home after looking at Australia’s sick rural industries.

Fred returned satisfied that the farmers he had seen on his travels were even worse off than he was and this made him as happy as you could expect him to be. Eccles was happy, too, because he loves being miserable about industries. I was the only sad one.

I suppose I have enough political instincts left to want to be loved by all but spelling out the problems of sick industries is not the path to popularity. When I moaned to Eccles about this, he told me that becoming unpopular was a proper way to behave. He warned:

You must expect to be disliked, Bert, if you are doing your duty. Remember what the famous British economist, Alfred Marshall, said last century: “Students of social science must fear popular approval; evil is with them when all men speak well of them. It is almost impossible for a student to be a true patriot and have the reputation for being one at the same time.” So stop being sorry for yourself, Bert. You are not the first person to discover that telling people what they do not want to hear is not a popular pastime.

I suppose Eccles is right. The worst thing about him is that he usually is.

In the middle of April we began four articles setting out the problems and general principles that we expected to run into. Some of these were the inability of governments to set wise production goals, the dangers inherent in production quotas and cost of production marketing arrangements. There were some plaintive pleas that some industry leaders found it difficult to understand the convolutions in their own industries, let alone in others. You can imagine then how nervous members of parliament must feel about exposing their ignorance in public. This is why some industries have got into the mess they are in; no one has been game to give them the nasty medicine they need.

And remember what the Tasmanian Dairy Council said about its industry:

The whole system results in advantages for organisations and companies who are represented on boards and committees and, in doing so, tends to divide the industry into those “in the know” and those on the outside.

Having got all that off our chests, we did four articles about the Riverland, three on dairying, two each on eggs and sugar and one each on rice and tobacco. What did we find?

There was one common problem — the damage done by the European Economic Community to all our industries. Although it may make us feel better to castigate their wickedness, nothing we can say or do will alter them — particularly when we are not lilywhite. We will just have to adjust our production to their perfidy, unless we are prepared to go to war or something.

A pathetic belief persists that government and industry groups can set wise production goals. Limitations on production are set by allotting quotas, entitlements or assignments, to particular producers while denying them to others. This worries me more than it appears to worry producers, though we should realise that it is the industry leaders — those with quotas — who speak for their industries. The poor sods who are denied quotas are hard to hear; they are usually scared of criticising their industry leaders for fear of being regarded when the next quotas are handed out as not being fit and proper persons.

However, apart from the morality problem of giving one person a quota while denying one to his neighbour, there is a bigger problem in the system. A letter from a representative of the sugar millers said: “Production in the sugar industry is controlled to regulate output to meet available markets.” Well, their efforts have been singularly unsuccessful — as this table shows.

YEAR | PRODUCTION in 000 tonnes | PRICE $ per tonne
1974 | 2848 | $259
1975 | 2854 | $236
1976 | 3294 | $218
1977 | 3342 | $188
1978 | 2900 | $213
1979 | 2962 | $285
1980 | 3329 | $375
1981 | 3434 | $275
1982 | 3536 | $223
1983 | 3172 | $280 (est.)

Prices have fluctuated widely while production remains about the same. When the price was $188 in 1977, production was almost the same as in 1980 when the price was $375. I am not critical of them for making mistakes — I make them all the time — but I am critical of their thinking they can give wiser guidance than the market signals.

My mistakes are cancelled out by the mistakes of other farmers, some of which are often in opposite directions. But the mistakes that industries and governments make are always big ones. Also, the desire to be popular is usually stronger than the desire to be right.

Most of the industries in trouble were heavily regulated. The question is: Was this cause or effect?

(in order of appearance on
  1. Bert Kelly on his journalism
  2. Move for a body of Modest Members
  3. Modest Members Association
  4. Bert Kelly's Maiden Parliamentary Speech
  5. Government Intervention
  6. 1976 Monday Conference transcript featuring Bert Kelly
  7. Bert Kelly, Hayek and Mencken on the virtues of farmers
  8. Sound economics calls for quiet from government
  9. Petrol for Farmers
  10. Some Sacred Cows
  11. Experiences in Parliament
  12. Spending your Money
  13. Is Taxmania a politician fetish?
  14. How Bert Kelly repays a free feed
  15. Modest column #898
  16. Chicken-hearted feathered friends strange bedfellows on a feather bed?
  17. Who needs literary licence?
  18. A touch of Fred's anarchy
  19. Helping the farmers help themselves
  20. Standing on the shoulders of the downtrodden
  21. Supply and Demand
  22. Bert Kelly responds to claims he is arrogant and uncredentialed
  23. Politics: it's a very confusing business
  24. The best featherbeds run on rails
  25. Bert Kelly on Disaster Relief
  26. Bert Kelly Wants to Secede
  27. Blinded by their tears
  28. Anti-freedom pro-tobacco industry lobby harmed Australia
  29. Under Labor, is working hard foolish?
  30. An Idiot's Guide to Interventionism
  31. Is free healthcare worthless?
  32. Can government kiss it better?
  33. Bert Kelly Destroys the Side Benefits Argument for Government
  34. Bert Kelly gets his head around big-headed bird-brained politics
  35. First Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  36. Second Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  37. Third Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  38. Fourth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  39. Fifth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  40. Sixth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  41. Bert Kelly on the 2011 Budget and Australia's Pathetic Journalists and Politicians
  42. Bert Kelly, Bastard or Simple Sod?
  43. Liberal Backbencher Hits Govt. Over Import Restrictions
  44. Bert Kelly feels a dam coming on at each election
  45. Bert Kelly Enters Parliament
  46. Why take in one another's washing?
  47. Bert Kelly breaks the law, disrespects government and enjoys it
  48. Gillard's galley-powered waterskiing
  49. State Premiers are always asking for more taxing powers
  50. Can price control really work?
  51. Should we put up with socialism?
  52. We're quick to get sick of socialism
  53. Time the protection racket ended
  54. Can't pull the wool over Farmer Fred
  55. People not Politics
  56. Bert Kelly admits he should have had less faith in politicians
  57. The inspirational incentivising Dear Leader Gough Whitlam
  58. Labor: a girl who couldn't say no
  59. Why leading businessmen carry black briefcases
  60. Ludwig von Mises on page 3 of AFR
  61. Bert Kelly's empowering feminism
  62. Mavis wants the Modest Member to dedicate his book to her
  63. What if the whole country is swindled?
  64. Moss Cass: "Flood plains are for floods"
  65. A worm's eye view
  66. Eccles returns to haunt us
  67. How to grip a politician's ear
  68. It's hard to digest this economic cake
  69. Time to Butcher "Aussie Beef"
  70. Cold water on government-instigated irrigation schemes
  71. Hooray for Ord River Dam!
  72. Tariffs paid by exporters
  73. The problem of principles v popularity
  74. If you support State Quotas, where will your logic take you?
  75. Against guidance by government
  76. A socialist in Liberal clothing
  77. Never ask the government to help
  78. Don't listen to economists!
  79. Whitlam's July 1973 25% tariff cut
  80. Bert Kelly on Import Quotas
  81. Good directions when government backseat driving, like reversing down wrong side of road
  82. Barriers to imports are barriers to exports
  83. Bert Kelly reviews The War Diaries of Weary Dunlop
  84. Bert Kelly reviews We Were There
  85. Tariffs get the fork-tongue treatment
  86. Bert Kelly reduces government to its absurdities
  87. Politician sacrifices his ... honesty
  88. It's all a matter of principle
  89. Bert Kelly Destroys the Infant Industry Argument
  90. Bert Kelly Untangles Tariff Torment
  91. Bert Kelly resorts to prayer
  92. Eccles keeps our nose hard down on the tariff grindstone
  93. "Don't you believe in protecting us against imports from cheap labour countries?"
  94. Even if lucky, we needn't be stupid
  95. Great "freedom of choice" mystery
  96. Small government's growth problem
  97. I like my kind acts to get a mention in the press
  98. A Modest Member rakes the embers
  99. Tariffs Introduced
  100. More About Tariffs
  101. Sacred cow kicker into print
  102. Bert Kelly's 1984 two-article quote-collection on Aboriginal policies
  103. Modest Member must not give up
  104. Traditional Wheat Farming is Our Birthright and Heritage and Must be Protected!
  105. Tariff-cut nonsense lives on
  106. Bert Kelly brilliantly defends "theoretical academics"
  107. The high cost of protection
  108. Generosity creates problems
  109. The Society of Modest Members
  110. John Hyde's illogical, soft, complicated, unfocussed and unsuccessful attempt to communicate why he defends markets
  111. Modesty ablaze
  112. Case for ministers staying home
  113. The unusual self-evident simplicity of the Modest Members Society
  114. Animal lib the new scourge of the bush
  115. The Association for the Prevention of Cruelty to Krill
  116. modest members society
  117. Repeal economic laws, force people to buy new cars and enforce tariffs against overseas tennis players
  118. Thoughts on how to kill dinosaurs
  119. Let's try the chill winds
  120. Taking the Right's road
  121. Bert Kelly: "I did not try often or hard enough"
  122. Bert Kelly "lacked ... guts and wisdom"
  123. A look at life without tariffs
  124. The Gospel according to Bert
  125. Tiny note on Bert Kelly's column in The Bulletin in 1985
  126. Why costs can't be guaranteed
  127. Hitting out with a halo
  128. Paying farmers not to grow crops will save on subsidies, revenge tariffs, etc
  129. "The Modest Farmer joins us" | "How The Modest Farmer came to be"
  130. Bert Kelly Destroys the Freeloading Justifies Government Argument
  131. Industrial Relations Club shovellers
  132. From Shann to Stone
  133. Government Intervention
    Government Interference
  134. A sojourn in the real world
  135. The tariff wind swings
  136. Bigger Cake = Bigger Slices
  137. Bert Kelly on the Political Process
  138. A charabanc called protection
  139. Taken for a ride - to nowhere
  140. Down hill, in circles, all the way
  141. Relationships with the Liberal Party
  142. Tariffs = High Prices + World War
  143. Bert Kelly's Family History
  144. Bert Kelly's Pre-Parliament Life
  145. What the MP could say to the Bishop
  146. Why Bert Kelly was not even more publicly outspoken
  148. How to stand aside when it's time to be counted
  149. How the Modest Member went back to being a Modest Farmer
  150. My pearls of wisdom were dull beyond belief
  151. Bert Kelly on Political Football
  152. Undigested morsels in Fraser spew
  153. Bert Kelly on LSD
  154. Bert Kelly reflects on the Australian car industry in 1992
  155. Bert Kelly wants reprinted Shann's Economic History of Australia
  156. If tariffs are opposed here then why not there?
  157. The emperor has no textiles, clothing and footwear sense
  158. Ross Gittins Wins Bert Kelly Award
  159. Interesting 1964 Bert Kelly speech: he says he is not a free trader and that he supports protection!
  160. This is the wall the Right built
  161. Tariff Protection in Australia (1970)
  162. Has Santa socked it to car makers?
  163. Is the Budget a cargo cult?
  164. Will we end up subsidising one another?
  165. Keeping the bucket of worms alive
  166. Can we get off the stomach-churning head-spinning tariff merry-go-round?
  167. Do we want our money to fly?
  168. Can a bear be sure of a feed?
  169. How to impress your MP -
    ambush him
  170. The time for being nice to our MPs has gone ...
  171. Don't feel sorry for him -
    hang on to his ear
  172. Trade wars can easily end up on a battlefield
  173. Tariffs Create Unemployment
  174. Bert Kelly recommends Ayn Rand
  175. Bert Kelly on Alf Rattigan's Industry Assistance: The Inside Story
  176. Bert Kelly's Satirical Prophecy: Minister for Meteorology (tick) and High Protectionist Policies to Result in War Yet Again (?)
  177. Bert Kelly in 1972 on Foreign Ownership of Australian Farmland and Warren Truss, Barnaby Joyce and Bill Heffernan in 2012
  178. Bert Kelly baits Welfare State Tiger
  179. Why does Govt wear two faces?
  180. Parliament a place for pragmatists
  181. Of Sugar Wells and Think-Tanks
  182. Bert Kelly: "I must take some of the blame"
  183. Bert Kelly on dumping duties
  184. The Govt's helping hand often hurts
  185. Unbuckling the hobbles on the motor industry
  186. A Modest Farmer looks at the Problems of Structural Change
  187. Government Fails Spectacularly
  188. Know your proper place if you want the quiet life
  189. Bert Kelly on political speech writers
  190. Having your cake and eating it
  191. Perish the thawed!
  192. Hooray for Northern Development!
  193. The silly image of our MPs
  194. Bert Kelly Question Time highlights
  195. Modest Farmer sees his ideas take hold
  196. Should facts stand in the way of a good story?
  197. Fondling one another's glass haloes
  198. What is the sense in making the effort to look after yourself?
  199. Fred's Feeling: Counterpatriotic country contrarian
  200. Handouts for big boys only
  201. Mavis trying to buy a hand loom
  202. Bad news for bearers of bad news
  203. Is it time to get aboard the tariff band-waggon?
  204. Why farmers resent tariff protection for motor makers
  205. A sordid use of scare tactics
  206. Goods vs services
  207. Tariffs are hilariously counterproductive
  208. Bert Kelly on decentralisation
  209. Inflation breeds moral decay
  210. Who envies equality?
  211. Growth – malignant or benign?
  212. Government wiser than Magna Carta
  213. Bert Kelly on looking to politicians for moral leadership
  214. Max Newton: Maverick in Exile
  215. Whitlam & co on the Dismissal
  216. 25% Tariff Cut
  217. Bert Kelly on pensions
  218. Mr Clunies-Ross of the Cocos Islands should rule Australia
  219. They get the wind up when it changes
  220. Why the Big Green Lie survives
  221. Ross McLean in 1982: "Malcolm! Why don't we try good government? It might be popular."
  222. Bert Kelly on the importance of exchange rate movements
  223. Bert Kelly shows how to attack
  224. Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly
  225. Industrial relations dinosaur, Bruce, chews his cud
  226. Hooray for "firmly entrenched"!
  227. Respect your dinosaurs
  228. What if something is "deeply ingrained" yet harmful?
  229. A case for ministerial inertia
  230. Why politicians don't like the truth
  231. Our great open spaces
  232. Ominous dark clouds are gathering
  233. Better to be popular than right
  234. Crying in the wilderness
  235. Ivory tower needs thumping
  236. Bert Kelly asks, "How can you believe in free enterprise and government intervention at the same time?"
  237. Politicians get undeserved praise, why not undeserved blame too?
  238. Feet in a bucket of champagne
  239. Rural Problems
  240. Health cover needs a $30 excess clause
  241. Unholy state of taxation
  242. Boring economics worth a smile
  243. The Libido for the Miserable
  244. Agricultural Development and Tariffs
  245. Fred's too poor to have principles
  246. Eccles Law of the constant wage share
  247. "He whom the gods would destroy ..."
  248. Tariffs: when to wean infant BHP?
  249. Keep any government as far as possible from farming
  250. The Playford charade is out of date
  251. Bert Kelly: the odd man out who's now in
  252. Dries must resist giving up struggle as going gets tough
  253. How a well meaning Government can be so stupid
  254. The icing on the economic cake
  255. Sir Roderick Carnegie's foreword to Bert Kelly's Economics Made Easy
  256. The Vale of Popularity and the Protection Procession
  257. Politics 101: Pay Lip Service to Capitalism and Shoot the Messenger
  258. Bert Kelly makes politicians eat their own words on tariffs, then says, "We cannot be blamed for treating the statements of our statesmen with cynical contempt"
  259. Bert Kelly on Free Enterprise
  260. Cartoons of protected industry, the welfare teat and the nanny state
  261. Bert Kelly on the theory of constant shares and the Fabian Society
  262. Bert Kelly vs Doug Anthony
  263. You're lucky if you escape being helped by government
  264. Bert Kelly on Small Farmers
  265. Bert Kelly on Apathy
  266. Bert Kelly in 1967 on "problems of government and things like that"
  267. The last "Dave's Diary"
  268. Bert Kelly vs The Australian on tariffs in 1977
  269. Bounties or Tariffs, Someone Pays
  270. Geriatric companies without a minder
  271. A free marketeer wary of free trade
  272. Nixon's puzzling profession of faith
  273. "Ford ... seems to spend more time bending its knees than its back"
  274. Clyde Cameron's weak ways with wise words
  275. Why flaunt what others flout?
  276. Bert Kelly yearns for Tim Flannery's powers of prediction
  277. Looking after yourself is silly
  278. Bert Kelly masterpiece on drought, fire, flood and other natural disaster relief schemes
  279. Government can take credit for our car industry mess
  280. Car makers want the 4wd driven deeper into tariff bog
  281. Why our MP is no longer prone to a good sob story
  282. Auto industry is in a straitjacket
  283. Bert Kelly on market predictions
  284. Why should dryland farmers subsidise irrigation farmers?
  285. How much should government decrease incentive for independence from government?
  286. Clarkson crowned Deputy Government Whip
  287. Bert Kelly to blame for soaring government healthcare costs
  288. 1959 return of Dave's Diary
  289. Bert Kelly in 1966 on developing northern Australia
  290. Successful government intervention can [sic] occur
  291. Vernon Report upholds Clarkson
  292. Quiet Man Makes An Impact
  293. Should it be compulsory to buy footwear and clothing?
  294. To save Australian clothing industry women must all wear same uniform
  295. Don't confuse plucking heart strings with plucking harp strings
  296. Speech only for public
  297. Catchy Tariff Circus Extravaganza
  298. Bert Kelly in 1985 on cars yet again
  299. Hurrah for the Gang of Five
  300. Thoughts on a verse about Balfour
  301. Bert Kelly pep talk to politicians
  302. Government intervention = Agony postponed but death brought nearer
  303. Recipe for disaster: Freeze!
  304. Recipe for government intervention: Gather winners and scatter losers
  305. Recipe for industry destruction: Blanket market signals
  306. Mavis writes!
  307. Bert Kelly's empiricism is not kneejerk reaction kind
  308. The $2,000 song of the shirt worker
  309. Subsiding only small farmers means subsiding the big banks
  310. Difficult to be fast on your feet when you've got your ear to the ground
  311. It would surprise people to see how sensible MPs behave if they think they are not being watched
  312. Bert Kelly on "this land of limitless resources" and "great open spaces"
  313. Growing bananas at the South Pole
  314. Car components tariff protection under fire
  315. Why carry a $300m car subsidy?
  316. Tariff feather beds for the foreign giants
  317. Bert Kelly says end compulsory voting to stop donkey vote
  318. Perhaps being smart and insured isn't all luck
  319. You gets your tariff, you pays a price
  320. More funds to train Olympians?
  321. Fire in their guts and wind in ours
  322. Should free universal healthcare include pets?
  323. Sound advice from a modest farmer
  324. A tottering monument to intervention
  325. Cunning meets wisdom
  326. Competition, Aussie-style: Who's the bigger parasite?
  327. Australians are proud patriotic parasites, says Bert Kelly
  328. Taxpayer-funded sport is cheating
  329. Being loved by all is not always a good thing
  330. Welfare State Destroys Society
  331. 1980 Bert Kelly feather bed series
  332. The White Mice Marketing Board
  333. Government intervention and advice can be harmful, even when right, even for those it tries to help
  334. One small step on the compulsory voting landmine
  335. The free & compulsory education sacred cows have no clothes
  336. Holding a loaded wallet to an economist's head
  337. Political No Man's Land
  338. Only blind greed demands both equality and prosperity
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