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C.R. Kelly, “A Modest Farmer looks at the Problems of Structural Change,” Economic Papers, no. 59 (August, 1978), pp. 91-95.

I have been looking forward to talking to a group of economists. People talk of a flock of sheep, a herd of elephants and a grumble of graziers. I have never known the correct term for a group of economists, is it possible to use an eclectic of economists? My Chamber’s dictionary says that one of the many meanings of eclectic is “choosing or borrowing, choosing the best out of everything”. But I have always wanted to talk to such a group so that I can get my own back. None of you know how Eccles has harried me over nearly 9 years. I have a lot of scores to settle.

I am glad that you have asked me to talk about the problems of readjustment. As a farmer I have had to make more than my share of readjustments, and as a politician I have seen how bad governments can be at intervening in the affairs of businessmen.

When I was a member of Parliament, I was asked to talk to an R.S.L. group in the bush. These were not as respectful to their member as a typical Liberal Party branch. One big raw boned bloke said in rather a threatening tone”

The farms in our district are becoming bigger every year and the country towns smaller and sicker. I want to know what you are going to do to stop it?

Then he added sourly that he didn’t want a polished display of political footwork, he wanted a straight answer to his question. I took a quick look around to make sure the door into the supper room was open, made a quick prayer, took a big breath and said bravely that I had quick solutions to both problems. First, the size of the farms in that district were originally about the size that an eight horse team could handle. But when tractors started replacing horses, the farms grew bigger. Then as tractors increased in size, the farms grew bigger again. And if they wanted their farms of the original size, all we had to do was make tractor farming illegal.

Then, realising that I might as well be killed for a sheep as a lamb, I charged on, saying that the little country towns were located where they were and were once health, because the original settlers could not travel far for their groceries and mail in their buggies. And the rail sidings could not be more widely spaced when the wheat was carted with horse-teams. So if they wanted their country towns to be healthy again, all we had to do was to get rid of our cars and trucks.

I must admit they took it well. But, after all, they were farmers, and farmers have had their noses rubbed in the unpleasant facts of change ever since Adam started farming. Farming must continually change as a bucket of worms must continually turn. If either stop, the results are devastating.

I do not pretend that farmers like change. We are a conservative group so we hate it. And most of us hated parting with our horse-teams. Indeed only last year I had a brief hope that we were about to go back to horses again. This was when Mr Fraser said on February 21, and I quote, “Employers are tending to use machines instead of people in the production process and if tariff protection was reduced, the trend would worsen.” When I heard the P.M. say this I thought he was about to urge us to go back to horses again so as to create employment. But evidently he was only thinking about secondary industry.

Farmers are used to change, we had to change or go broke. And the government has been helping us change with its farm reconstruction legislation. But the government has not told us what to grow. It is now rather belatedly examining how it can help secondary industry adapt to meet the changing situation. My purpose is to look at one narrow aspect of this problem, how deep should be the government’s involvement in structural change in secondary industry?

I should first ask this question of secondary industry leaders. I am well aware of the deep dedication of these gentlemen to the free enterprise philosophy. They are a bit like the Liberal Party in this. When the Liberals have a big get together we usually spend the first hour worshipping at the free enterprise shrine. If we are lucky we may perhaps hear the P.M. himself say, as he said in 1977:

People must question their own demands on government. Governments must foster this awareness and tell the truth more plainly. When governments promise any programmes, they must make it plain that all the people of Australia must pay. The day of the cargo cult must be banished.

Having got these fine flowing philosophic phrases out of his system, he often goes on to assure secondary industry that they can count on getting the protection that fits their need, irrespective of the effect on the rest of us. This always seems to be a queer way of getting rid of the cargo cult.

Secondary industry spokesmen are equally eloquent about their deep devotion to free enterprise. I have been to many of their seminars. They perhaps spend rather longer polishing their private enterprise halos, but the balance of the programme is usually devoted to twisting the government’s arm so as to persuade it to give them an even bigger tariff subsidy at the expense of the rest of us.

But sometimes they become more specific as to what they want from the government they so often despise. “We will accept that there is logic in encouraging secondary industry to leave the highly protected sector,” their leaders say bravely, “but first the government must tell us into which other sectors we should move. We want to government to tell us what to do next.”

Let me give an example. The Australian Confederation of Apparel Manufacturers (A.C.A.M.) says:

It casts grave doubts upon the intelligence of the architects of that plan (the tariff review) or perhaps reflects upon their indifference towards the workforce, that they could make the absurd mistake of recommending the reduction of high protection industries before ascertaining if there were sufficient low protection industries within the Australian economy to provide alternative jobs for the workers who were retrenched.

A.C.A.M. is not noted for the strength of its intellect, though its ability to kick in the ruck is unquestioned. The more prestigious A.I.D.A., whose research officer, Dr Norman, has spoken to you earlier today, are more careful with their language, but if you winnow carefully through its new gospel, Protection in Perspective, you will find this statement (made about the Jackson Report, I think):

There is inadequate or no provision for positive identification and encouragement of new industry development which will be vital to continued and increasing high living standards in a secure and prosperous Australia. This is left to chance.

I envy the stately splendour of the prose, but what I find irritating is the implied criticism that things are to be left to chance. What they are really worried about is that decisions are going to be left to the market to make, that free enterprise is to be encouraged to be enterprising, this being the system which secondary industry worships so ostentatiously before lunch. But after lunch they want the government to tell them what to do next, not how to do it perhaps, though that too would be nice, but what to do.

I have no ideological objection to government direction of this kind, and if the government was good at it I would be happy. But they almost always make a mess of it. If the government is to tell industry what to do next, the government must assess what the supply and demand for a product is going to be in, say, 5 years time. And that advice will be given to the government by people who work for the government. But any civil servant who can correctly foretell the supply and demand situation for any product for even one year ahead will not for long be working for the government, he is shortly sitting in the South of France with his feet in a bucket of champagne! When I first became an M.P. my neighbours watched me because they knew that I would be close to the wise ones in Canberra. When I sold cattle, so did they. But 19 years later, when I sold cattle, they bought. The government has no well of wisdom on which to draw, it is just as likely to be wrong as the rest of us. If you want an example of what a mess the government can make of its planning, look at our car industry.

But even when the government is right, as it will be sometimes, troubles will still loom. There will always be some manufacturers who are naturally messers in the same way as there are some farmers who are not good at farming. But these messers, when things start to go badly for them, will blame their failure on the government:

You told us to produce what-nots and we are not even recovering the costs of production. We are doing what you told us to do so you must look after us.

I dread government intervention of this kind, because I know from experience that governments are clay in the hands of pressure to stop to “weak-uns from deeing”. This is a process absolutely essential to the health of capitalism.

And it is all very well to sneer at the “nervous Nellies” in Parliament, but resisting sentimental pressure is not easy, not as easy as it used to be, since TV has hit us. For instance, if a factory was going broke because it was making a mess doing what the government told it to do, the local member would have to contend with the TV camera showing a poignant picture of the closed factory gates, with a housewife wiping a tear or two from her eyes, and with two bare-footed children holding her hands. She would say with a sob in her voice:

Is the government going to stand idly by while my husband is flung on to the scrapheap? And what is our local member doing about it?

Governments don’t make a mess of things because they mean to or because their intentions are not honourable and good. But they find it increasingly difficult to let the weak ones die. Again the car industry is a sad warning. Even the government has known for years that the car industry as now structured is hopelessly inefficient, that some units will have to die to allow the remainder to have the throughput necessary for economic production. But each time the industry seems about to take the necessary medicine, to take the painful readjustments, the silly kind-hearted government takes the medicine cup away.

So I know what the secondary industry spokesmen would say if I asked them how they want the government to help with reconstruction. They will beg the government to tell them what to do next. I know, and am glad, that there are many manufacturers who despise this philosophy, but, in spite of this, I say with infinite sadness, that it is the dependence of industry on the government that troubles me most. I suppose that this is inevitable. The Bridgen Committee recognised this tendency fifty years ago, and I quote from the Report:

The most disquieting effect of the tariff has been the stimulus it has given to demands for government assistance of all kinds, with the consequent demoralising effect upon self-reliant efficiency throughout all forms of production.

But I have forgotten where I am, that I am speaking to an eclectic of economists. What do you economists think about government intervention of this kind? There may be a small number of you working for private firms and I know from past experience what will happen. You won’t say anything to me publicly, but some of you will edge up to me privately and admit, out of the side of your mouths, that you know that I am right but you cannot get your directors to get out on the end of a limb in case the government doesn’t like it.

Some of you will be employed by the government and you will be too wise and careful to say anything to me at all. But perhaps in the still of the night you will recall Alan Peacock’s Wincott Memorial Lecture, where he is discussing the way civil servant economists rationalise the abandonment of their belief in the market:

Reluctantly, so that pragmatic argument continues, the only solution will be to extend selective intervention by government. Indeed, in an international economy riddled with externalities, this will be the only prudent way to ensure that private enterprise will be able to function efficiently at all. Paradoxically, therefore, selectivity will be the principal means of preserving rather than destroying the market economy.

Perhaps some of you will believe your protestations.

To all of you, including old Eccles if he is listening, I have a message passed on by Milton Friedman. I quote from From Galbraith to Economic Freedom:

There is nothing that produces jobs for economists like government controls and government intervention. And all economists are therefore schizophrenic: their discipline, derived from Adam Smith, leads them to favour the market; self-interest leads them to favour intervention. And in large part the profession has been led to reconcile these two opposing forces by being in favour of the market in general but opposed to it in particular. We are very clever at finding “special cases” — there are external effects, there are monopolies, there are imperfections in the market; therefore we can have our cake and eat it. We can be in favour of the free market and we can at the same time promote these separate interventions that promote our private interest by providing jobs for economists.

Now I would never have dared to say that to you, but I am quite brave when I can shelter behind Friedman. And Eccles can like it or lump it.

(in order of appearance on
  1. Bert Kelly on his journalism
  2. Move for a body of Modest Members
  3. Modest Members Association
  4. Bert Kelly's Maiden Parliamentary Speech
  5. Government Intervention
  6. 1976 Monday Conference transcript featuring Bert Kelly
  7. Bert Kelly, Hayek and Mencken on the virtues of farmers
  8. Sound economics calls for quiet from government
  9. Petrol for Farmers
  10. Some Sacred Cows
  11. Experiences in Parliament
  12. Spending your Money
  13. Is Taxmania a politician fetish?
  14. How Bert Kelly repays a free feed
  15. Modest column #898
  16. Chicken-hearted feathered friends strange bedfellows on a feather bed?
  17. Who needs literary licence?
  18. A touch of Fred's anarchy
  19. Helping the farmers help themselves
  20. Standing on the shoulders of the downtrodden
  21. Supply and Demand
  22. Bert Kelly responds to claims he is arrogant and uncredentialed
  23. Politics: it's a very confusing business
  24. The best featherbeds run on rails
  25. Bert Kelly on Disaster Relief
  26. Bert Kelly Wants to Secede
  27. Blinded by their tears
  28. Anti-freedom pro-tobacco industry lobby harmed Australia
  29. Under Labor, is working hard foolish?
  30. An Idiot's Guide to Interventionism
  31. Is free priceless healthcare worthless?
  32. Can government kiss it better?
  33. Bert Kelly Destroys the Side Benefits Argument for Government
  34. Bert Kelly gets his head around big-headed bird-brained politics
  35. First Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  36. Second Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  37. Third Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  38. Fourth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  39. Fifth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  40. Sixth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  41. Bert Kelly on the 2011 Budget and Australia's Pathetic Journalists and Politicians
  42. Bert Kelly, Bastard or Simple Sod?
  43. Liberal Backbencher Hits Govt. Over Import Restrictions
  44. Bert Kelly feels a dam coming on at each election
  45. Bert Kelly Enters Parliament
  46. Why take in one another's washing?
  47. Bert Kelly breaks the law, disrespects government and enjoys it
  48. Gillard's galley-powered waterskiing
  49. State Premiers are always asking for more taxing powers
  50. Can price control really work?
  51. Should we put up with socialism?
  52. We're quick to get sick of socialism
  53. Time the protection racket ended
  54. Can't pull the wool over Farmer Fred
  55. People not Politics
  56. Bert Kelly admits he should have had less faith in politicians
  57. The inspirational incentivising Dear Leader Gough Whitlam
  58. Labor: a girl who couldn't say no
  59. Why leading businessmen carry black briefcases
  60. Ludwig von Mises on page 3 of AFR
  61. Bert Kelly's empowering feminism
  62. Mavis wants the Modest Member to dedicate his book to her
  63. What if the whole country is swindled?
  64. Moss Cass: "Flood plains are for floods"
  65. A worm's eye view
  66. Eccles returns to haunt us
  67. How to grip a politician's ear
  68. It's hard to digest this economic cake
  69. Time to Butcher "Aussie Beef"
  70. Cold water on government-instigated irrigation schemes
  71. Hooray for Ord River Dam!
  72. Tariffs paid by exporters
  73. The problem of principles v popularity
  74. If you support State Quotas, where will your logic take you?
  75. Against guidance by government
  76. A socialist in Liberal clothing
  77. Never ask the government to help
  78. Don't listen to economists!
  79. Bert Kelly's revolutionary strategy
  80. Whitlam's July 1973 25% tariff cut
  81. Bert Kelly on Import Quotas
  82. Good directions when government backseat driving, like reversing down wrong side of road
  83. Barriers to imports are barriers to exports
  84. Bert Kelly reviews The War Diaries of Weary Dunlop
  85. Bert Kelly reviews We Were There
  86. Tariffs get the fork-tongue treatment
  87. Bert Kelly reduces government to its absurdities
  88. Politician sacrifices his ... honesty
  89. It's all a matter of principle
  90. Bert Kelly Destroys the Infant Industry Argument
  91. Bert Kelly Untangles Tariff Torment
  92. Bert Kelly resorts to prayer
  93. Eccles keeps our nose hard down on the tariff grindstone
  94. "Don't you believe in protecting us against imports from cheap labour countries?"
  95. Even if lucky, we needn't be stupid
  96. Great "freedom of choice" mystery
  97. Small government's growth problem
  98. I like my kind acts to get a mention in the press
  99. A Modest Member rakes the embers
  100. Tariffs Introduced
  101. More About Tariffs
  102. Sacred cow kicker into print
  103. Bert Kelly's 1984 two-article quote-collection on Aboriginal policies
  104. Modest Member must not give up
  105. Traditional Wheat Farming is Our Birthright and Heritage and Must be Protected!
  106. Tariff-cut nonsense lives on
  107. Bert Kelly brilliantly defends "theoretical academics"
  108. The high cost of protection
  109. Generosity creates problems
  110. The Society of Modest Members
  111. John Hyde's illogical, soft, complicated, unfocussed and unsuccessful attempt to communicate why he defends markets
  112. Modesty ablaze
  113. Case for ministers staying home
  114. The unusual self-evident simplicity of the Modest Members Society
  115. Animal lib the new scourge of the bush
  116. The Association for the Prevention of Cruelty to Krill
  117. modest members society
  118. Repeal economic laws, force people to buy new cars and enforce tariffs against overseas tennis players
  119. Thoughts on how to kill dinosaurs
  120. Let's try the chill winds
  121. Taking the Right's road
  122. Bert Kelly: "I did not try often or hard enough"
  123. Bert Kelly "lacked ... guts and wisdom"
  124. A look at life without tariffs
  125. The Gospel according to Bert
  126. Tiny note on Bert Kelly's column in The Bulletin in 1985
  127. Why costs can't be guaranteed
  128. Hitting out with a halo
  129. Paying farmers not to grow crops will save on subsidies, revenge tariffs, etc
  130. "The Modest Farmer joins us" | "How The Modest Farmer came to be"
  131. Bert Kelly Destroys the Freeloading Justifies Government Argument
  132. Industrial Relations Club shovellers
  133. From Shann to Stone
  134. Government Intervention
    Government Interference
  135. A sojourn in the real world
  136. The tariff wind swings
  137. Bigger Cake = Bigger Slices
  138. Bert Kelly on the Political Process
  139. A charabanc called protection
  140. Taken for a ride - to nowhere
  141. Down hill, in circles, all the way
  142. Economic facts and figures are statistics who should speak out
  143. Any cons arguing small business bad but big government good?
  144. Relationships with the Liberal Party
  145. Tariffs = High Prices + World War
  146. Bert Kelly's Family History
  147. Bert Kelly's Pre-Parliament Life
  148. What the MP could say to the Bishop
  149. Why Bert Kelly was not even more publicly outspoken
  151. How to stand aside when it's time to be counted
  152. How the Modest Member went back to being a Modest Farmer
  153. My pearls of wisdom were dull beyond belief
  154. Bert Kelly on Political Football
  155. Undigested morsels in Fraser spew
  156. Bert Kelly on LSD
  157. Bert Kelly reflects on the Australian car industry in 1992
  158. Bert Kelly wants reprinted Shann's Economic History of Australia
  159. If tariffs are opposed here then why not there?
  160. The emperor has no textiles, clothing and footwear sense
  161. Ross Gittins Wins Bert Kelly Award
  162. Interesting 1964 Bert Kelly speech: he says he is not a free trader and that he supports protection!
  163. This is the wall the Right built
  164. Tariff Protection in Australia (1970)
  165. Has Santa socked it to car makers?
  166. Is the Budget a cargo cult?
  167. Will we end up subsidising one another?
  168. Keeping the bucket of worms alive
  169. Can we get off the stomach-churning head-spinning tariff merry-go-round?
  170. Do we want our money to fly?
  171. Can a bear be sure of a feed?
  172. How to impress your MP -
    ambush him
  173. The time for being nice to our MPs has gone ...
  174. Don't feel sorry for him -
    hang on to his ear
  175. Trade wars can easily end up on a battlefield
  176. Tariffs Create Unemployment
  177. Bert Kelly recommends Ayn Rand
  178. Bert Kelly on Alf Rattigan's Industry Assistance: The Inside Story
  179. Bert Kelly's Satirical Prophecy: Minister for Meteorology (tick) and High Protectionist Policies to Result in War Yet Again (?)
  180. Bert Kelly in 1972 on Foreign Ownership of Australian Farmland and Warren Truss, Barnaby Joyce and Bill Heffernan in 2012
  181. Bert Kelly baits Welfare State Tiger
  182. Why does Govt wear two faces?
  183. Parliament a place for pragmatists
  184. Of Sugar Wells and Think-Tanks
  185. Bert Kelly: "I must take some of the blame"
  186. Bert Kelly on dumping duties
  187. The Govt's helping hand often hurts
  188. Unbuckling the hobbles on the motor industry
  189. A Modest Farmer looks at the Problems of Structural Change
  190. Government Fails Spectacularly
  191. Know your proper place if you want the quiet life
  192. Bert Kelly on political speech writers
  193. Having your cake and eating it
  194. Perish the thawed!
  195. Hooray for Northern Development!
  196. Politicians can resist everything except pressure
  197. The silly image of our MPs
  198. Bert Kelly Question Time highlights
  199. Modest Farmer sees his ideas take hold
  200. Should facts stand in the way of a good story?
  201. Fondling one another's glass haloes
  202. What is the sense in making the effort to look after yourself?
  203. Fred's Feeling: Counterpatriotic country contrarian
  204. Handouts for big boys only
  205. Mavis trying to buy a hand loom
  206. Bad news for bearers of bad news
  207. Is it time to get aboard the tariff band-waggon?
  208. Why farmers resent tariff protection for motor makers
  209. A sordid use of scare tactics
  210. Goods vs services
  211. Tariffs are hilariously counterproductive
  212. Bert Kelly on decentralisation
  213. Inflation breeds moral decay
  214. Who envies equality?
  215. Growth – malignant or benign?
  216. Government wiser than Magna Carta
  217. Bert Kelly on looking to politicians for moral leadership
  218. Max Newton: Maverick in Exile
  219. Whitlam & co on the Dismissal
  220. 25% Tariff Cut
  221. Bert Kelly on pensions
  222. The backseat drivers of the Pilbara
  223. Mr Clunies-Ross of the Cocos Islands should rule Australia
  224. They get the wind up when it changes
  225. Why the Big Green Lie survives
  226. Ross McLean in 1982: "Malcolm! Why don't we try good government? It might be popular."
  227. Bert Kelly on the importance of exchange rate movements
  228. Bert Kelly shows how to attack
  229. Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly
  230. Industrial relations dinosaur, Bruce, chews his cud
  231. Hooray for "firmly entrenched"!
  232. Respect your dinosaurs
  233. What if something is "deeply ingrained" yet harmful?
  234. A case for ministerial inertia
  235. Why politicians don't like the truth
  236. Our great open spaces
  237. Ominous dark clouds are gathering
  238. Better to be popular than right
  239. Crying in the wilderness
  240. Ivory tower needs thumping
  241. Bert Kelly asks, "How can you believe in free enterprise and government intervention at the same time?"
  242. Politicians get undeserved praise, why not undeserved blame too?
  243. Feet in a bucket of champagne
  244. Rural Problems
  245. Health cover needs a $30 excess clause
  246. Unholy state of taxation
  247. Boring economics worth a smile
  248. The Libido for the Miserable
  249. Agricultural Development and Tariffs
  250. Fred's too poor to have principles
  251. Eccles Law of the constant wage share
  252. "He whom the gods would destroy ..."
  253. Tariffs: when to wean infant BHP?
  254. Keep any government as far as possible from farming
  255. The Playford charade is out of date
  256. Bert Kelly: the odd man out who's now in
  257. Dries must resist giving up struggle as going gets tough
  258. How a well meaning Government can be so stupid
  259. The icing on the economic cake
  260. Sir Roderick Carnegie's foreword to Bert Kelly's Economics Made Easy
  261. The Vale of Popularity and the Protection Procession
  262. Politics 101: Pay Lip Service to Capitalism and Shoot the Messenger
  263. Bert Kelly makes politicians eat their own words on tariffs, then says, "We cannot be blamed for treating the statements of our statesmen with cynical contempt"
  264. Bert Kelly on Free Enterprise
  265. Cartoons of protected industry, the welfare teat and the nanny state
  266. Bert Kelly on the theory of constant shares and the Fabian Society
  267. Bert Kelly vs Doug Anthony
  268. You're lucky if you escape being helped by government
  269. Bert Kelly on Small Farmers
  270. Bert Kelly on Apathy
  271. Bert Kelly in 1967 on "problems of government and things like that"
  272. The last "Dave's Diary"
  273. Bert Kelly vs The Australian on tariffs in 1977
  274. Bounties or Tariffs, Someone Pays
  275. Geriatric companies without a minder
  276. A free marketeer wary of free trade
  277. Nixon's puzzling profession of faith
  278. "Ford ... seems to spend more time bending its knees than its back"
  279. Clyde Cameron's weak ways with wise words
  280. Why flaunt what others flout?
  281. Bert Kelly yearns for Tim Flannery's powers of prediction
  282. Looking after yourself is silly
  283. Bert Kelly masterpiece on drought, fire, flood and other natural disaster relief schemes
  284. Government can take credit for our car industry mess
  285. Car makers want the 4wd driven deeper into tariff bog
  286. Why our MP is no longer prone to a good sob story
  287. Auto industry is in a straitjacket
  288. Bert Kelly on market predictions
  289. Why should dryland farmers subsidise irrigation farmers?
  290. How much should government decrease incentive for independence from government?
  291. Clarkson crowned Deputy Government Whip
  292. Bert Kelly to blame for soaring government healthcare costs
  293. 1959 return of Dave's Diary
  294. Bert Kelly in 1966 on developing northern Australia
  295. Successful government intervention can [sic] occur
  296. Vernon Report upholds Clarkson
  297. Quiet Man Makes An Impact
  298. Should it be compulsory to buy footwear and clothing?
  299. To save Australian clothing industry women must all wear same uniform
  300. Don't confuse plucking heart strings with plucking harp strings
  301. Speech only for public
  302. Catchy Tariff Circus Extravaganza
  303. Bert Kelly in 1985 on cars yet again
  304. Hurrah for the Gang of Five
  305. Thoughts on a verse about Balfour
  306. Bert Kelly pep talk to politicians
  307. Government intervention = Agony postponed but death brought nearer
  308. Recipe for disaster: Freeze!
  309. Recipe for government intervention: Gather winners and scatter losers
  310. Recipe for industry destruction: Blanket market signals
  311. Mavis writes!
  312. Bert Kelly's empiricism is not kneejerk reaction kind
  313. The $2,000 song of the shirt worker
  314. Subsiding only small farmers means subsiding the big banks
  315. Difficult to be fast on your feet when you've got your ear to the ground
  316. It would surprise people to see how sensible MPs behave if they think they are not being watched
  317. Bert Kelly on "this land of limitless resources" and "great open spaces"
  318. Growing bananas at the South Pole
  319. Car components tariff protection under fire
  320. Why carry a $300m car subsidy?
  321. Tariff feather beds for the foreign giants
  322. Bert Kelly says end compulsory voting to stop donkey vote
  323. Perhaps being smart and insured isn't all luck
  324. You gets your tariff, you pays a price
  325. More funds to train Olympians?
  326. Fire in their guts and wind in ours
  327. Should free universal healthcare include pets?
  328. Sound advice from a modest farmer
  329. A tottering monument to intervention
  330. Cunning meets wisdom
  331. Competition, Aussie-style: Who's the bigger parasite?
  332. Australians are proud patriotic parasites, says Bert Kelly
  333. Taxpayer-funded sport is cheating
  334. Being loved by all is not always a good thing
  335. Welfare State Destroys Society
  336. 1980 Bert Kelly feather bed series
  337. The White Mice Marketing Board
  338. Government intervention and advice can be harmful, even when right, even for those it tries to help
  339. One small step on the compulsory voting landmine
  340. The free & compulsory education sacred cows have no clothes
  341. Holding a loaded wallet to an economist's head
  342. Political No Man's Land
  343. Only blind greed demands both equality and prosperity
  344. A cow that sucks itself — that's us!
  345. Nip the bud of incentive; mock community spirit into submission
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