More featuring Bert Kelly» , Alf Rattigan»

Bert Kelly’s review was spread over three articles:
1. “Adam Smith’s soothing words,” The Australian, August 11, 1986, p. 11.
2. “Turning tariff somersaults,” The Australian, August 18, 1986, p. 11.
3. “How Rattigan took on the protectionists,” The Australian, August 25, 1986, p. 11.

Bert Kelly, “Adam Smith’s soothing words,”
The Australian, August 11, 1986, p. 11.

It is a fortunate coincidence that I wrote the three recent pressure group articles [online at 1, 2, and 3] before Alf Rattigan’s book, Industry Assistance: The Inside Story, was published by Melbourne University Press. His book is a revealing description of the means which special pressure groups use to protect their special interests which are frequently opposed to those of the community as a whole.

Rattigan was appointed chairman of the Tariff Board in 1963 and was later chairman of the board’s successor, the Industries Assistance Commission, in 1973. He really went through the pressure group mangle, the handle of which was enthusiastically turned by manufacturers, secondary industry lobbies, politicians and bureaucrats.

When Rattigan was appointed to the Tariff Board in 1963, I was engaged, alone in Parliament, in a one-sided bitter battle with John McEwen, the Country Party Minister for Trade, trying to get tariffs lowered. So when I was told of Rattigan’s appointment and that he came from McEwen’s stable, the Department of Trade and Customs, my heart was heavy indeed.

I now quote from my book, One More Nail, published in 1978:

When I heard that the Government had appointed Rattigan from the Customs Department, which is notoriously high protectionist, I was full of foreboding. I rang my father to give him the sad news. “Who is it?” he asked. “Rattigan,” I replied. “He will be all right,” he said comfortingly, “he takes a long while to catch on but when he does he does not easily let go.”

My father knew this because Rattigan had worked in the Tariff Board when my father was a member. Time was to show how spot-on was my father’s assessment.

Rattigan did indeed take some time to catch on but when he did, he hung on in spite of all the skulduggery ranged against him. It must have been a shock to him to find how rough and cruel was the pressure group world into which he had wandered.

It was to me also when I blundered in Parliament and then into the tariff battle, pushing from behind by my father and the ghost of a previous member for Wakefield, Charles Hawker. I arrived there thinking that, because McEwen was the leader of the Country Party, he would certainly be a low protectionist. I learnt quickly and painfully that this was not so. Indeed I used to rather immodestly claim and indeed still do, that I have been belted by the best people in the land.

I was really hammered out on the McEwen anvil. It wasn’t much fun and it helped make a man of me. But I doubt if Rattigan knew what would happen to him.

Well, he soon learnt. If he had been a student of philosopher Adam Smith, he would have recalled how Smith put it. Tariffs were unknown then but “mercantilism” was the word used to describe the way governments gave particular advantages to particular people at the expense of ordinary people. Adam Smith said:

The member of Parliament who supports every proposal for strengthening mercantilism is sure to acquire not only the reputation for understanding trade, but great popularity and influence with an order of men whose number and wealth render them of great importance. If he opposes them, on the contrary, and still more, if he has authority enough to be able to thwart them, neither the most acknowledged probity, nor the highest rank, nor the greatest public services, can protect him from the most infamous abuse and detraction arising from the insolent outrage of furious and disappointed monopolists.

I wish I could write like that.

That quotation used to be sometimes sent to me as comfort when I was being sorely set about by the insolent outrage of furious and disappointed secondary industry leaders and organisations, but Rattigan needed comfort far more than I did.

I could lose myself in battles about wheat or wool or in mean and menial party politics, but Rattigan had no let-up at all. He lived all the time in an administrative swamp in Canberra, up to his armpits in alligators.

Bert Kelly, “Turning tariff somersaults,”
The Australian, August 18, 1986, p. 11.

When you read Alf Rattigan’s book, Industry Assistance: The Inside Story, you realise what a tough trot he had with the ministers under whom he operated as chairman of the Tariff Board and later of the Industries Assistance Commission (IAC).

They claimed to be low protectionists — indeed two were members of the Country Party which had a prominent plank advocating tariff reduction — yet they quickly threw this handicap overboard when it seemed to be preventing them from pandering to the high protectionist pressure groups. In 1914, when Ginger was given the choice of enlisting in the infantry or cavalry, he joined the infantry. When asked why, he replied that one day the retreat would be sounded and then he did not want to be hindered “by no plurry horse!” Rattigan’s ministers did not want to be hindered by awkward principles either.

I wrote last week about my mortification on finding that John McEwen, the leader of the Country Party, was the chief architect of our tariff policy between 1950 and 1970. However, Rattigan admits, and I acknowledge, that although McEwen knew that he was acting contrary to his party’s principles, he really believed that he was right. Rattigan says:

In my opinion McEwen’s support for the manufacturers came not only from a desire to get their political support but also from a conviction that the policy he wanted to implement — “all round assistance” — would develop the Australian economy. The manufacturers would receive the tariff protection and the farmers and miners the tax concessions and subsidies required to keep all three types operating profitably — and the manufacturers, in particular, would increase production.

That is what made McEwen so powerful and dangerous. He really believed he was right. He had a kind of religious zeal.

His successor, Doug Anthony, did not have that advantage, though he had others. But he was uncertain if he really believed in protection or not. However, he knew that his mentor McEwen did, so it must be a good thing. Even so, it was hard to follow his mental processes. For instance, he said in 1973:

The most important reason for trading is not to export, it is to import. Countries in fact engage in trade so that they can import. They sell their goods and services to the world to gain the means of exchange they need to import goods and services and they cannot produce, or give their people greater choice or take advantage of the greater efficiencies of other exporting nations in certain fields … If a country restricts its imports it is limiting its potential for increasing the standard of living of its people.

That sounds like Eccles at his best; imports are evidently good things.

Yet in Parliament in 1979, when reporting proudly on his successful bargaining in Tokyo in the GATT negotiations, Anthony said:

Australia has achieved a meaningful and advantageous settlement with the USA, the EEC and Japan without reducing the current level of protection on a single tariff item.

So now imports are bad things. I don’t think Doug tried to confuse us, he just did it naturally. You can imagine how easily influenced he was by his department, particularly when farmers were as confused as he was.

When Labor won government in 1973, Jim Cairns was put in charge of the IAC. When he was the Labor shadow minister for trade, he was a low protectionist. In 1967 there was a tariff debate in which I could take no part as I was then wearing my ministerial muzzle.

Rattigan tells on page 33 how Cairns led the Labor Party attack on the way McEwen was administering the Tariff Board and accused him of appointing Trojan horses to the board and asked that witnesses asking for protection should be obliged to reveal their contributions to political parties.

But when Cairns became minister for trade he quickly became as high protectionist as McEwen or Anthony.

When the coalition government took over in 1975, the IAC came under Fraser’s domination. He did not seem to believe in anything much besides being a world statesman and winning elections. Whenever he went overseas he made splendid speeches about lowering trade barriers but when he returned home he would immediately use all his influence to keep them in place.

While the ministers who controlled him were demonstrating their superior footwork in changing their ground, Alf Rattigan was quietly and courageously taking them all on, and their departments and pressure groups too.

We owe him an immense debt of gratitude that he stuck it out as he did.

Bert Kelly, “How Rattigan took on the protectionists,”
The Australian, August 25, 1986, p. 11.

As chairman of the Tariff Board and later the Industries Assistance Commission, Alf Rattigan had to stand firm against all kinds of pressures. And as his book, Industry Assistance: The Inside Story, shows, he had to work with ministers who were all protectionists at any price.

Then there were the pressure groups who tried to subvert him and his principles, and the bureaucrats who were willing to help them do this.

The pressure groups who opposed Rattigan were led by the Chamber of Manufacturers who were powerful people indeed. However, I have a suspicion that most of their members did not really understand the damage that tariffs did to exporting industries.

I have often attended meetings when manufacturers would display a frightening ignorance about economics. They would be genuinely surprised to be told that the cost of protection is borne, in the end, by exporters because a tariff, for instance, on nappies gets built into the CPI, then into wages and then along the production line until it reaches the exporter, who can pass it no further.

And as the cost of the tariff was known to be at least $6,000 million, so this was the size of the tariff burden that exporters were carrying. Perhaps manufacturers who were busy running their factories might not know this but surely the officials in the protectionist lobbies must have known.

The bureaucrats who opposed Rattigan I divide into two groups. The first were composed of genuine protectionists who were certain that tariffs were good things and the more of them there were, and the higher, the better. They were like McEwen; there was a missionary zeal about them which made them hard to handle, particularly when they knew their minister was on their side. However, they were basically honest.

That is more than I can say for the second group, who knew on which side their bread was buttered — how to get on in the service, or outside it too — so they kept close to their minister and were up to all the skulduggery known to bureaucrats.

Those who have watched Yes, Minister will have some understanding of the way they would go about things. They were competent indeed. I am amazed at the benign way that Rattigan wrote about their machinations. But that was typical of Rattigan — he behaved like a gentleman, which sometimes seemed to rattle his opponents. Never once did he offer to give me any inside information, which he must have known I would use effectively, if he thought he should not give it to me.

Rattigan had plenty of enemies but he also had friends. He had two in the Country Party, Don Maisey, the MHR from WA, and Senator Tom Bull from NSW. It took a lot of courage to challenge McEwen as they did; he was not known as Black Jack for nothing.

Rattigan was also courageously backed by some of the farmers’ organisations, particularly the Australian Graziers Association and, later, the NFF. This was not easy when McEwen was in charge, after all, he was the leader of the Country Party, which this group had fanatically supported for many years.

It was all too easy for a minister, backed up by all the resources of a department, and who is used to dealing with opponents in Parliament, to pour a bucket of scorn on a farmer who felt deeply about tariffs but who could not handle himself as the minister could. So many farmers were made to look foolish when helping Rattigan and his cause, but they stuck to it manfully. They do not look foolish now.

Rattigan was fortunate in the backing he received from the press. It took guts to tell the world that McEwen was wrong. Maxwell Newton (before Rattigan [not according to this 1984 interview with Maxwell Newton, where he says, “Alf Rattigan, when he was Chairman of the Tariff Board, was tremendously helpful to me.”]), Max Walsh, Paddy McGuinness, Alan Wood, Tony Thomas and Warwick Bracken did this, to their everlasting credit. There were no respected journalists who were prepared to carry the protectionist torch and there were no respected economists to do this either.

Rattigan’s greatest achievement was to bring the tariff debate out from the smoke-filled bureaucratic rooms into the revealing light of day so that, gradually and painfully, everyone could understand that there is indeed no such thing as a free feed, that some group always pays for protection for another group.

(in order of appearance on
  1. Bert Kelly on his journalism
  2. Move for a body of Modest Members
  3. Modest Members Association
  4. Bert Kelly's Maiden Parliamentary Speech
  5. Government Intervention
  6. 1976 Monday Conference transcript featuring Bert Kelly
  7. Bert Kelly, Hayek and Mencken on the virtues of farmers
  8. Sound economics calls for quiet from government
  9. Petrol for Farmers
  10. Some Sacred Cows
  11. Experiences in Parliament
  12. Spending your Money
  13. Is Taxmania a politician fetish?
  14. Too many car men in the feather bed
  15. The Kangaroo Population Bomb
  16. How Bert Kelly repays a free feed
  17. Reining in the human rights horse
  18. Modest column #898
  19. Chicken-hearted feathered friends strange bedfellows on a feather bed?
  20. Who needs literary licence?
  21. A touch of Fred's anarchy
  22. Helping the farmers help themselves
  23. Standing on the shoulders of the downtrodden
  24. Supply and Demand
  25. Bert Kelly responds to claims he is arrogant and uncredentialed
  26. Politics: it's a very confusing business
  27. The best featherbeds run on rails
  28. Bert Kelly on Disaster Relief
  29. Bert Kelly Wants to Secede
  30. Blinded by their tears
  31. Anti-freedom pro-tobacco industry lobby harmed Australia
  32. Under Labor, is working hard foolish?
  33. An Idiot's Guide to Interventionism
  34. Is free priceless healthcare worthless?
  35. Can government kiss it better?
  36. Bert Kelly Destroys the Side Benefits Argument for Government
  37. Bert Kelly gets his head around big-headed bird-brained politics
  38. First Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  39. Second Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  40. Third Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  41. Fourth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  42. Fifth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  43. Sixth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  44. Bert Kelly on the 2011 Budget and Australia's Pathetic Journalists and Politicians
  45. Bert Kelly, Bastard or Simple Sod?
  46. Liberal Backbencher Hits Govt. Over Import Restrictions
  47. Bert Kelly feels a dam coming on at each election
  48. Bert Kelly Enters Parliament
  49. Why take in one another's washing?
  50. Bert Kelly breaks the law, disrespects government and enjoys it
  51. Gillard's galley-powered waterskiing
  52. State Premiers are always asking for more taxing powers
  53. Can price control really work?
  54. Should we put up with socialism?
  55. We're quick to get sick of socialism
  56. Time the protection racket ended
  57. Can't pull the wool over Farmer Fred
  58. People not Politics
  59. Bert Kelly admits he should have had less faith in politicians
  60. The inspirational incentivising Dear Leader Gough Whitlam
  61. Labor: a girl who couldn't say no
  62. Why leading businessmen carry black briefcases
  63. Ludwig von Mises on page 3 of AFR
  64. Bert Kelly's empowering feminism
  65. Another shot at motor car madness
  66. Mavis wants the Modest Member to dedicate his book to her
  67. What if the whole country is swindled?
  68. Moss Cass: "Flood plains are for floods"
  69. A worm's eye view
  70. Eccles returns to haunt us
  71. How to grip a politician's ear
  72. It's hard to digest this economic cake
  73. Time to Butcher "Aussie Beef"
  74. Cold water on government-instigated irrigation schemes
  75. Hooray for Ord River Dam!
  76. Tariffs paid by exporters
  77. The problem of principles v popularity
  78. If you support State Quotas, where will your logic take you?
  79. Against guidance by government
  80. A socialist in Liberal clothing
  81. Never ask the government to help
  82. Don't listen to economists!
  83. Bert Kelly's revolutionary strategy
  84. Welfare state incentivises bludging and being thrown out of work
  85. It all sounds like bloody politics to Fred
  86. Mavis wants me to get in for my chop
  87. Whitlam's July 1973 25% tariff cut
  88. Bert Kelly on Import Quotas
  89. Good directions when government backseat driving, like reversing down wrong side of road
  90. Barriers to imports are barriers to exports
  91. "I was right" — but he's off to hospital ...
  92. Kicking the multinationals is too easy
  93. Bert Kelly reviews The War Diaries of Weary Dunlop
  94. Bert Kelly reviews We Were There
  95. Tariffs get the fork-tongue treatment
  96. Bert Kelly reduces government to its absurdities
  97. Politician sacrifices his ... honesty
  98. It's all a matter of principle
  99. Bert Kelly Destroys the Infant Industry Argument
  100. Bert Kelly Untangles Tariff Torment
  101. Bert Kelly resorts to prayer
  102. Eccles keeps our nose hard down on the tariff grindstone
  103. "Don't you believe in protecting us against imports from cheap labour countries?"
  104. Even if lucky, we needn't be stupid
  105. Great "freedom of choice" mystery
  106. Small government's growth problem
  107. I like my kind acts to get a mention in the press
  108. A Modest Member rakes the embers
  109. Tariffs Introduced
  110. More About Tariffs
  111. Sacred cow kicker into print
  112. Bert Kelly's 1984 two-article quote-collection on Aboriginal policies
  113. Modest Member must not give up
  114. Traditional Wheat Farming is Our Birthright and Heritage and Must be Protected!
  115. Tariff-cut nonsense lives on
  116. Bert Kelly brilliantly defends "theoretical academics"
  117. The high cost of protection
  118. Generosity creates problems
  119. The Society of Modest Members
  120. Is this an illogical, soft, complicated, unfocussed and unsuccessful attempt to communicate the case for markets?
  121. Modesty ablaze
  122. Case for ministers staying home
  123. The unusual self-evident simplicity of the Modest Members Society
  124. Animal lib the new scourge of the bush
  125. The Association for the Prevention of Cruelty to Krill
  126. modest members society
  127. Repeal economic laws, force people to buy new cars and enforce tariffs against overseas tennis players
  128. Thoughts on how to kill dinosaurs
  129. Let's try the chill winds
  130. Taking the Right's road
  131. Bert Kelly: "I did not try often or hard enough"
  132. Bert Kelly "lacked ... guts and wisdom"
  133. A look at life without tariffs
  134. The Gospel according to Bert
  135. Tiny note on Bert Kelly's column in The Bulletin in 1985
  136. Why costs can't be guaranteed
  137. Hitting out with a halo
  138. Paying farmers not to grow crops will save on subsidies, revenge tariffs, etc
  139. "The Modest Farmer joins us" | "How The Modest Farmer came to be"
  140. Bert Kelly Destroys the Freeloading Justifies Government Argument
  141. Industrial Relations Club shovellers
  142. From Shann to Stone
  143. Government Intervention
    Government Interference
  144. A sojourn in the real world
  145. The tariff wind swings
  146. Bigger Cake = Bigger Slices
  147. Bert Kelly on the Political Process
  148. A charabanc called protection
  149. Taken for a ride - to nowhere
  150. Down hill, in circles, all the way
  151. Economic facts and figures are statistics who should speak out
  152. Any cons arguing small business bad but big government good?
  153. Relationships with the Liberal Party
  154. Tariffs = High Prices + World War
  155. Bert Kelly's Family History
  156. Bert Kelly's Pre-Parliament Life
  157. What the MP could say to the Bishop
  158. Why Bert Kelly was not even more publicly outspoken
  160. How to stand aside when it's time to be counted
  161. How the Modest Member went back to being a Modest Farmer
  162. My pearls of wisdom were dull beyond belief
  163. Bert Kelly on Political Football
  164. Undigested morsels in Fraser spew
  165. Bert Kelly on LSD
  166. Bert Kelly reflects on the Australian car industry in 1992
  167. Bert Kelly wants reprinted Shann's Economic History of Australia
  168. If tariffs are opposed here then why not there?
  169. The emperor has no textiles, clothing and footwear sense
  170. Ross Gittins Wins Bert Kelly Award
  171. Interesting 1964 Bert Kelly speech: he says he is not a free trader and that he supports protection!
  172. This is the wall the Right built
  173. The Impertinent Society: Cheeky MPs take Mr Anthony at his word
  174. Tariff Protection in Australia (1970)
  175. Has Santa socked it to car makers?
  176. Is the Budget a cargo cult?
  177. Will we end up subsidising one another?
  178. Keeping the bucket of worms alive
  179. Can we get off the stomach-churning head-spinning tariff merry-go-round?
  180. Do we want our money to fly?
  181. Can a bear be sure of a feed?
  182. How to impress your MP -
    ambush him
  183. The time for being nice to our MPs has gone ...
  184. Don't feel sorry for him -
    hang on to his ear
  185. Trade wars can easily end up on a battlefield
  186. Tariffs Create Unemployment
  187. Bert Kelly recommends Ayn Rand
  188. Bert Kelly on Alf Rattigan's Industry Assistance: The Inside Story
  189. Bert Kelly's Satirical Prophecy: Minister for Meteorology (tick) and High Protectionist Policies to Result in War Yet Again (?)
  190. Bert Kelly in 1972 on Foreign Ownership of Australian Farmland and Warren Truss, Barnaby Joyce and Bill Heffernan in 2012
  191. Bert Kelly baits Welfare State Tiger
  192. Why does Govt wear two faces?
  193. Parliament a place for pragmatists
  194. Of Sugar Wells and Think-Tanks
  195. Bert Kelly: "I must take some of the blame"
  196. Bert Kelly on dumping duties
  197. The Govt's helping hand often hurts
  198. Unbuckling the hobbles on the motor industry
  199. A Modest Farmer looks at the Problems of Structural Change
  200. Government Fails Spectacularly
  201. Know your proper place if you want the quiet life
  202. Bert Kelly on political speech writers
  203. Having your cake and eating it
  204. Perish the thawed!
  205. Hooray for Northern Development!
  206. Politicians can resist everything except pressure
  207. The silly image of our MPs
  208. Bert Kelly Question Time highlights
  209. Modest Farmer sees his ideas take hold
  210. Should facts stand in the way of a good story?
  211. Fondling one another's glass haloes
  212. What is the sense in making the effort to look after yourself?
  213. Fred's Feeling: Counterpatriotic country contrarian
  214. Handouts for big boys only
  215. Mavis trying to buy a hand loom
  216. Bad news for bearers of bad news
  217. Is it time to get aboard the tariff band-waggon?
  218. Why farmers resent tariff protection for motor makers
  219. A sordid use of scare tactics
  220. Goods vs services
  221. Tariffs are hilariously counterproductive
  222. The dilemmas of Aboriginal Affairs
  223. Bert Kelly on decentralisation
  224. Inflation breeds moral decay
  225. Who envies equality?
  226. Growth – malignant or benign?
  227. Government wiser than Magna Carta
  228. Bert Kelly on looking to politicians for moral leadership
  229. Max Newton: Maverick in Exile
  230. Whitlam & co on the Dismissal
  231. 25% Tariff Cut
  232. Bert Kelly on pensions
  233. The plotting powers of Mavis nag martyr to snag compo
  234. The backseat drivers of the Pilbara
  235. Mr Clunies-Ross of the Cocos Islands should rule Australia
  236. They get the wind up when it changes
  237. Why the Big Green Lie survives
  238. Ross McLean in 1982: "Malcolm! Why don't we try good government? It might be popular."
  239. Bert Kelly on the importance of exchange rate movements
  240. Bert Kelly shows how to attack
  241. Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly
  242. Industrial relations dinosaur, Bruce, chews his cud
  243. Hooray for "firmly entrenched"!
  244. Respect your dinosaurs
  245. What if something is "deeply ingrained" yet harmful?
  246. A case for ministerial inertia
  247. Why politicians don't like the truth
  248. Punemployment: people are neither numbers nor puzzle pieces; the platitude attitude
  249. Our great open spaces ... an empty blessing
  250. Heart in right place but head missing
  251. Ominous dark clouds are gathering
  252. Proverb vs proverb
  253. Better to be popular than right
  254. Crying in the wilderness
  255. Ivory tower needs thumping
  256. Bert Kelly asks, "How can you believe in free enterprise and government intervention at the same time?"
  257. Politicians get undeserved praise, why not undeserved blame too?
  258. Feet in a bucket of champagne
  259. Rural Problems
  260. Health cover needs a $30 excess clause
  261. Unholy state of taxation
  262. Boring economics worth a smile
  263. The Libido for the Miserable
  264. Agricultural Development and Tariffs
  265. Fred's too poor to have principles
  266. Eccles Law of the constant wage share
  267. "He whom the gods would destroy ..."
  268. Low tariff torch burnt Eccles' fingers
  269. A cow of a car — with dual horns
  270. Tariffs: when to wean infant BHP?
  271. Keep any government as far as possible from farming
  272. The Playford charade is out of date
  273. Bert Kelly: the odd man out who's now in
  274. Dries must resist giving up struggle as going gets tough
  275. How a well meaning Government can be so stupid
  276. The icing on the economic cake
  277. Sir Roderick Carnegie's foreword to Bert Kelly's Economics Made Easy
  278. The Vale of Popularity and the Protection Procession
  279. Politics 101: Pay Lip Service to Capitalism and Shoot the Messenger
  280. Bert Kelly makes politicians eat their own words on tariffs, then says, "We cannot be blamed for treating the statements of our statesmen with cynical contempt"
  281. Bert Kelly on Free Enterprise
  282. Cartoons of protected industry, the welfare teat and the nanny state
  283. Bert Kelly on the theory of constant shares and the Fabian Society
  284. Bert Kelly vs Doug Anthony
  285. You're lucky if you escape being helped by government
  286. Bert Kelly on Small Farmers
  287. Bert Kelly on Apathy
  288. Bert Kelly in 1967 on "problems of government and things like that"
  289. The last "Dave's Diary"
  290. Bert Kelly vs The Australian on tariffs in 1977
  291. Bounties or Tariffs, Someone Pays
  292. Geriatric companies without a minder
  293. A free marketeer wary of free trade
  294. Nixon's puzzling profession of faith
  295. "Ford ... seems to spend more time bending its knees than its back"
  296. Clyde Cameron's weak ways with wise words
  297. Why flaunt what others flout?
  298. Bert Kelly yearns for Tim Flannery's powers of prediction
  299. Looking after yourself is silly
  300. Bert Kelly masterpiece on drought, fire, flood and other natural disaster relief schemes
  301. Government can take credit for our car industry mess
  302. Car makers want the 4wd driven deeper into tariff bog
  303. Why our MP is no longer prone to a good sob story
  304. Auto industry is in a straitjacket
  305. Bert Kelly on market predictions
  306. Why should dryland farmers subsidise irrigation farmers?
  307. How much should government decrease incentive for independence from government?
  308. Clarkson crowned Deputy Government Whip
  309. Bert Kelly to blame for soaring government healthcare costs
  310. 1959 return of Dave's Diary
  311. Bert Kelly in 1966 on developing northern Australia
  312. Successful government intervention can [sic] occur
  313. Vernon Report upholds Clarkson
  314. Quiet Man Makes An Impact
  315. Should it be compulsory to buy footwear and clothing?
  316. To save Australian clothing industry women must all wear same uniform
  317. Don't confuse plucking heart strings with plucking harp strings
  318. Speech only for public
  319. Catchy Tariff Circus Extravaganza
  320. Bert Kelly in 1985 on cars yet again
  321. Hurrah for the Gang of Five
  322. Thoughts on a verse about Balfour
  323. Bert Kelly pep talk to politicians
  324. Government intervention = Agony postponed but death brought nearer
  325. Recipe for disaster: Freeze!
  326. Recipe for government intervention: Gather winners and scatter losers
  327. Recipe for industry destruction: Blanket market signals
  328. Mavis writes!
  329. Bert Kelly's empiricism is not kneejerk reaction kind
  330. The $2,000 song of the shirt worker
  331. Subsiding only small farmers means subsiding the big banks
  332. Difficult to be fast on your feet when you've got your ear to the ground
  333. It would surprise people to see how sensible MPs behave if they think they are not being watched
  334. Bert Kelly on "this land of limitless resources" and "great open spaces"
  335. Growing bananas at the South Pole
  336. Car components tariff protection under fire
  337. Why carry a $300m car subsidy?
  338. Tariff feather beds for the foreign giants
  339. Bert Kelly says end compulsory voting to stop donkey vote
  340. Perhaps being smart and insured isn't all luck
  341. You gets your tariff, you pays a price
  342. More funds to train Olympians?
  343. Fire in their guts and wind in ours
  344. Should free universal healthcare include pets?
  345. Sound advice from a modest farmer
  346. A tottering monument to intervention
  347. Cunning meets wisdom
  348. Competition, Aussie-style: Who's the bigger parasite?
  349. Australians are proud patriotic parasites, says Bert Kelly
  350. Taxpayer-funded sport is cheating
  351. Being loved by all is not always a good thing
  352. Welfare State Destroys Society
  353. 1980 Bert Kelly feather bed series
  354. The White Mice Marketing Board
  355. Government intervention and advice can be harmful, even when right, even for those it tries to help
  356. One small step on the compulsory voting landmine
  357. The free & compulsory education sacred cows have no clothes
  358. Holding a loaded wallet to an economist's head
  359. Political No Man's Land
  360. Only blind greed demands both equality and prosperity
  361. A cow that sucks itself — that's us!
  362. Nip the bud of incentive; mock community spirit into submission
  363. Bert Kelly questions why miners pay royalties to the Crown
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  1. Libel laws block insider's revelations of Australia's industrial mess
  2. Public needs protection from industry protection
  3. Bert Kelly on Alf Rattigan's Industry Assistance: The Inside Story
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