More featuring Bert Kelly»

1. We may not like it, but times change (August 12, 1977)
2. How do we cure our tariff disease? (August 26, 1977)
3. The naked emperor and the PM (September 9, 1977)

1.
A Modest Member of Parliament [Bert Kelly], “We may not like it, but times change,” The Australian Financial Review, August 12, 1977, p. 3. Reprinted in Economics Made Easy (Adelaide: Brolga Books, 1982), pp. 46-47, as “The Cost of Protection.”

The Roman Emperors had many weaknesses and one that stood out was their habit of beheading messengers who bore them bad news.

I was reminded of this unfortunate tendency when the Industries Assistance Commission (IAC) draft report on textiles, clothing and footwear was made public.

It was greeted with many biting and petty criticisms from the textile lobby who surely take the prize for being the loudest in their condemnation of the generous treatment they have been receiving in recent years. They ran true to form on this occasion.

I am going to try to dissect the reports in this article. Even with Eccles’ assistance it will be a task of infinite labour to do it well.

I find that there is so much meat in these reports that I guess I will be feasting on them on many occasions.

My object this week is to record my gratitude to the IAC for doing the measurement which has made it so hated by those who do not want to face the facts of life.

Eccles has been plodding after the tariff hare for years now and latterly I, too, have been wandering after it in a desultory manner.

Only those who have been engaged in a similar exercise will know the infinite labour entailed in doing the measurements.

Since electronic calculators have come in, the task has been made a little easier, but even with these adventitious aids, measuring the cost of protection has been an awful burden.

But now the IAC is doing the measurement for us and Eccles and I want to record our gratitude.

Let me give some examples. Eccles has been nagging me for years about there being no such thing as a free feed and that someone always has to pay for tariff protection to any industry.

But the problem has always been to measure the cost of the feed that some people long ago used to think was free.

It was a considerable breakthrough when Mr Henderson, the highly respected director of ACMA, that prestigious group of secondary industry statesmen, admitted that there was a cost of protection.

I quote him yet again with gratitude and approval:

I fully accept the IAC argument that the consumer must pay for tariff protection. There is no question about this. I will also accept the arithmetic that the cost is around $4300 million annually.

But it is one thing to say that the total burden weighs about $4000 million and another to break it up into its component parts, but this the IAC recently has been doing.

It told us some years ago that the burden of protecting the car industry was $400 million and undoubtedly the cost of far higher now — at least $500 million.

And now it has told us that the cost of protecting the textile, garment and footwear industries has been about $800 million a year.

But that figure is a year old and is certainly higher now — around about $1,000 million. So we can see that Mr Henderson’s $4,000 million is likely to be an underestimate when the other heavy industries are also put in the balance.

Another interesting figure of the estimated cost to the average household to protect these three industries is about $200 each year for each family.

That’s the kind of figure that even Fred can understand, though I don’t think he will like it.

When I first became interested in tariffs I used to believe that, if Eccles exposed the economic facts of life so that he who runs could read, people would accept the economic logic of the argument, and so right would triumph.

Long and bitter experience has taught me that this is not necessarily so — right does not automatically triumph, not in the short term, anyway. But it probably will in the long term if I live till then.

The people who dislike the figures the IAC has given will abuse the IAC, the system, Eccles and even me and this will make them feel better.

But unless they can knock the figures out at the next IAC hearing, economic logic will win in the end. And indeed it is in the process of doing so.

For instance, when the IAC report was released, Mr J. E. Baird, the managing director of Onkaparinga Textiles Ltd said:

I think we are all learning to live with the fact that tariffs won’t continue forever and that the industry has to gear itself to living with that sort of situation.

So people are learning to accept the inevitability of change, even if they don’t like it.

Australians in general and exporters in particular owe the IAC a debt of gratitude for doing their measurements so fearlessly. We must see that they do not get the Roman Emperor treatment!

***
2.
A Modest Member of Parliament [Bert Kelly], “How do we cure our tariff disease?,” The Australian Financial Review, August 26, 1977, p. 3. Reprinted in Economics Made Easy (Adelaide: Brolga Books, 1982), pp. 93-95, as “Textiles (3),” under the date June 24, 1977.

The IAC report on textiles, clothing and footwear was so unpopular with some people not only because it measured the cost of sustaining the industry, but even more resented was the IAC’s clear recognition that even at this cost of $800 million, the industries would continue to shrink. I quote from the report:

Even if the structural and other improvements are made, there are few activities that will not require increasing levels of assistance at continually increasing cost to the rest of the community.

The decline of large sections of the industry is not caused by bad management or by lazy workers but simply by most sections being labour intensive and our labour costs, particularly for female labour, being much higher than those of our competitors.

The gap between the wage rates will continue to widen.

Some sections of the industry, for instance those producing rugs and blankets, are competitive at low rates of duty and these sectors will remain, but most of the industry will gradually shrink.

It can only be saved in the long term without raising costs to consumers by subsidising it directly from consolidated revenue.

This would have the great advantage of everybody knowing the cost of sustaining it and it would also mean that there would be no need for prices to rise as they do if the industry is protected by tariffs and quotas.

If prices rise any further it will pay us to fly to Singapore just to buy new clothes.

So nothing but a direct subsidy can save some sections of the industry in the long term and this is where the Government action in asking the IAC to work out ways of keeping the industry in its present form for three years is so hopeless.

It can’t be kept in its present form — it would be like holding down a safety valve on a pressure cooker, it could indeed by done for a while but it would have devastating results in the end.

If a subsidy to the industry is the only way to help maintain it, there is nothing to stop the Government using the same money to help wind down the industry.

But the Government has asked the IAC to fossilise the industry and this is to be done to safeguard employment.

The Government however appears indifferent to the employment in other industries that will be put at risk by so doing.

The most important, and the hardest to measure, is the employment lost because the economy is sick with inflation.

The Government is always expressing its concern about the damage done by inflation, but really inflation is only another name for rising prices and the commodity group that is rising fastest is clothing.

The Government must know that taking further action to protect the industry will make price rises inevitable.

These, because they feed back into wages, jeopardise employment in other industries.

But there are other ways in which employment will be put at risk by protecting industry by tariffs and quotas.

Recently merchants in the Philippines, encouraged by their Government, were so enraged by our actions in stopping their textiles coming in that they threatened to put barriers in the way of exports of our steel.

This created a furore in Port Kembla because of the threat to employment.

And before the resent ASEAN conference the Malaysian Minister for Trade had encouraged barriers being put in the way of imports of our butter, sugar, flour and GM-H spare parts.

It was only when the Australian Government offered $90 million in aid that these restrictions were reluctantly removed.

So clearly employment is at risk because of the likelihood of retaliatory action and here again the export industries are the ones to suffer.

The export industries are weakened in another way.

Now that we have an exchange rate that moves in response to market forces every barrier that prevents imports coming in is an automatic barrier to exports going out.

So Fred and his fellow exporters are automatically harmed. They don’t know about it, of course, but it happens just the same.

Almost everyone, even the Government, now recognises that tariffs must be lowered so that our standard of living can rise.

But tariff reductions are like parliamentary salary increases, they are usually seen as justified but not just now.

The time is never ripe, so we continue to wander aimlessly down the road to ruin, unable to make up our minds.

There has been a lot of comment lately about the British disease. Well, we’ve got one of our own.

***
3.
A Modest Member of Parliament [Bert Kelly], “The naked emperor and the PM,” The Australian Financial Review, September 9, 1977, p. 3.

In mid-August when the Industries Assistance Commission (IAC) draft report on textiles, garments and footwear was made public I said that I was afraid the IAC risked suffering the same fate as befell messengers who brought Roman emperors bad news and were beheaded.

Perhaps the IAC is not going to have its head cut off but it looks as if it may lose other vital organs.

This is supposed to teach it and other independent minded bodies not to step out of line — not to give the government news that it doesn’t want to hear.

As the years go steadily by and as Eccles’ insidious indifference gets me deeper and deeper into disfavour with the good and great, the once rosy visions that one day I might be a minister is fading as the mists in the morning.

But I have been told by many past and present ministers that the quality they most value in their advisers is the courage to give their masters news that they know will be unwelcome.

If this applies to the run of the mill ministers, if such a term can be used about such exalted beings, how much more should it apply to prime ministers?

A prime minister is indeed an exalted person and, even more important, he is powerful, and at a frown from him almost every knee tends to bow, so he is likely told what his advisers know he wants to hear.

This is all the more reason he should treasure above rubies the advice he gets from people or bodies who are brave and competent enough to tell him what they know he doesn’t want to hear.

I, of course, am not in this category. I tremble if the Prime Minister even glances in my direction as he did once or twice, and if he were to frown at me my knees would turn to water.

One of the Prime Minister’s troubles is that there are too many people around like me.

So the Prime Minister’s attack on the IAC for telling him what he didn’t want to hear was very disappointing indeed.

From now on the Prime Minister is more than ever likely to receive the same treatment from people around him as did the emperor in the children’s story.

His courtiers were afraid to tell him that he was marching around naked, and it was only when some innocent child blurted out the awful truth that the emperor realised that he was making a right exhibition of himself.

What has the IAC done that is so bad that it should be so publicly clobbered?

First, we should remember that the IAC doesn’t make decisions about tariffs, it only makes recommendations which the Government can follow or not as it sees fit.

Second, the Prime Minister is evidently cross because the IAC cannot find any easy answers to the mess the economy is in.

He seems to think that it is either incompetence or calculated indifference to unemployment that makes the IAC tell the truth about industries.

Or does he think there are some easy answers to be suddenly discovered by a more subservient department or body?

Does he think that you can create employment by increasing tariffs?

But everyone who has any economic understanding know that you do not solve unemployment problems by raising tariffs. All you do is shift the unemployment from one industry to another.

And the sad part of this whole business is that the IAC has been punctilious to recommend the gradual reduction of tariffs while the economy is so sick.

In its recent draft report the IAC was particularly careful to recommend gradual tariff reductions so that grave social problems involved did not become too painful.

Yet the Prime Minister seems to think that the IAC goes rushing around recommending the reduction of duties regardless of social consequences.

I know that Mavis will be angry with me if I say this, but I simply have to state that the Prime Minister’s attack on the IAC illustrates yet again the gaps in his economic understanding and his apparent indifference to the health of the export industries who have to bear that tariff burden.

But it also illustrates a more serious flaw in his makeup and that is a tendency to bully lesser people.

He doesn’t have any trouble bullying me because I am timid as well as modest, but, as I said before, there are too many people around like me.

(in order of appearance on Economics.org.au)
  1. Bert Kelly on his journalism
  2. Move for a body of Modest Members
  3. Modest Members Association
  4. Bert Kelly's Maiden Parliamentary Speech
  5. Government Intervention
  6. 1976 Monday Conference transcript featuring Bert Kelly
  7. Bert Kelly, Hayek and Mencken on the virtues of farmers
  8. Sound economics calls for quiet from government
  9. Petrol for Farmers
  10. Some Sacred Cows
  11. Experiences in Parliament
  12. Spending your Money
  13. Is Taxmania a politician fetish?
  14. How Bert Kelly repays a free feed
  15. Modest column #898
  16. Chicken-hearted feathered friends strange bedfellows on a feather bed?
  17. Who needs literary licence?
  18. A touch of Fred's anarchy
  19. Helping the farmers help themselves
  20. Standing on the shoulders of the downtrodden
  21. Supply and Demand
  22. Bert Kelly responds to claims he is arrogant and uncredentialed
  23. Politics: it's a very confusing business
  24. The best featherbeds run on rails
  25. Bert Kelly on Disaster Relief
  26. Bert Kelly Wants to Secede
  27. Blinded by their tears
  28. Anti-freedom pro-tobacco industry lobby harmed Australia
  29. Under Labor, is working hard foolish?
  30. An Idiot's Guide to Interventionism
  31. Is free priceless healthcare worthless?
  32. Can government kiss it better?
  33. Bert Kelly Destroys the Side Benefits Argument for Government
  34. Bert Kelly gets his head around big-headed bird-brained politics
  35. First Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  36. Second Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  37. Third Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  38. Fourth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  39. Fifth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  40. Sixth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  41. Bert Kelly on the 2011 Budget and Australia's Pathetic Journalists and Politicians
  42. Bert Kelly, Bastard or Simple Sod?
  43. Liberal Backbencher Hits Govt. Over Import Restrictions
  44. Bert Kelly feels a dam coming on at each election
  45. Bert Kelly Enters Parliament
  46. Why take in one another's washing?
  47. Bert Kelly breaks the law, disrespects government and enjoys it
  48. Gillard's galley-powered waterskiing
  49. State Premiers are always asking for more taxing powers
  50. Can price control really work?
  51. Should we put up with socialism?
  52. We're quick to get sick of socialism
  53. Time the protection racket ended
  54. Can't pull the wool over Farmer Fred
  55. People not Politics
  56. Bert Kelly admits he should have had less faith in politicians
  57. The inspirational incentivising Dear Leader Gough Whitlam
  58. Labor: a girl who couldn't say no
  59. Why leading businessmen carry black briefcases
  60. Ludwig von Mises on page 3 of AFR
  61. Bert Kelly's empowering feminism
  62. Mavis wants the Modest Member to dedicate his book to her
  63. What if the whole country is swindled?
  64. Moss Cass: "Flood plains are for floods"
  65. A worm's eye view
  66. Eccles returns to haunt us
  67. How to grip a politician's ear
  68. It's hard to digest this economic cake
  69. Time to Butcher "Aussie Beef"
  70. Cold water on government-instigated irrigation schemes
  71. Hooray for Ord River Dam!
  72. Tariffs paid by exporters
  73. The problem of principles v popularity
  74. If you support State Quotas, where will your logic take you?
  75. Against guidance by government
  76. A socialist in Liberal clothing
  77. Never ask the government to help
  78. Don't listen to economists!
  79. Bert Kelly's revolutionary strategy
  80. Whitlam's July 1973 25% tariff cut
  81. Bert Kelly on Import Quotas
  82. Good directions when government backseat driving, like reversing down wrong side of road
  83. Barriers to imports are barriers to exports
  84. Bert Kelly reviews The War Diaries of Weary Dunlop
  85. Bert Kelly reviews We Were There
  86. Tariffs get the fork-tongue treatment
  87. Bert Kelly reduces government to its absurdities
  88. Politician sacrifices his ... honesty
  89. It's all a matter of principle
  90. Bert Kelly Destroys the Infant Industry Argument
  91. Bert Kelly Untangles Tariff Torment
  92. Bert Kelly resorts to prayer
  93. Eccles keeps our nose hard down on the tariff grindstone
  94. "Don't you believe in protecting us against imports from cheap labour countries?"
  95. Even if lucky, we needn't be stupid
  96. Great "freedom of choice" mystery
  97. Small government's growth problem
  98. I like my kind acts to get a mention in the press
  99. A Modest Member rakes the embers
  100. Tariffs Introduced
  101. More About Tariffs
  102. Sacred cow kicker into print
  103. Bert Kelly's 1984 two-article quote-collection on Aboriginal policies
  104. Modest Member must not give up
  105. Traditional Wheat Farming is Our Birthright and Heritage and Must be Protected!
  106. Tariff-cut nonsense lives on
  107. Bert Kelly brilliantly defends "theoretical academics"
  108. The high cost of protection
  109. Generosity creates problems
  110. The Society of Modest Members
  111. John Hyde's illogical, soft, complicated, unfocussed and unsuccessful attempt to communicate why he defends markets
  112. Modesty ablaze
  113. Case for ministers staying home
  114. The unusual self-evident simplicity of the Modest Members Society
  115. Animal lib the new scourge of the bush
  116. The Association for the Prevention of Cruelty to Krill
  117. modest members society
  118. Repeal economic laws, force people to buy new cars and enforce tariffs against overseas tennis players
  119. Thoughts on how to kill dinosaurs
  120. Let's try the chill winds
  121. Taking the Right's road
  122. Bert Kelly: "I did not try often or hard enough"
  123. Bert Kelly "lacked ... guts and wisdom"
  124. A look at life without tariffs
  125. The Gospel according to Bert
  126. Tiny note on Bert Kelly's column in The Bulletin in 1985
  127. Why costs can't be guaranteed
  128. Hitting out with a halo
  129. Paying farmers not to grow crops will save on subsidies, revenge tariffs, etc
  130. "The Modest Farmer joins us" | "How The Modest Farmer came to be"
  131. Bert Kelly Destroys the Freeloading Justifies Government Argument
  132. Industrial Relations Club shovellers
  133. From Shann to Stone
  134. Government Intervention
    vs
    Government Interference
  135. A sojourn in the real world
  136. The tariff wind swings
  137. Bigger Cake = Bigger Slices
  138. Bert Kelly on the Political Process
  139. A charabanc called protection
  140. Taken for a ride - to nowhere
  141. Down hill, in circles, all the way
  142. Economic facts and figures are statistics who should speak out
  143. Any cons arguing small business bad but big government good?
  144. Relationships with the Liberal Party
  145. Tariffs = High Prices + World War
  146. Bert Kelly's Family History
  147. Bert Kelly's Pre-Parliament Life
  148. What the MP could say to the Bishop
  149. Why Bert Kelly was not even more publicly outspoken
  150. WEATHER IS USUALLY UNUSUAL
  151. How to stand aside when it's time to be counted
  152. How the Modest Member went back to being a Modest Farmer
  153. My pearls of wisdom were dull beyond belief
  154. Bert Kelly on Political Football
  155. Undigested morsels in Fraser spew
  156. Bert Kelly on LSD
  157. Bert Kelly reflects on the Australian car industry in 1992
  158. Bert Kelly wants reprinted Shann's Economic History of Australia
  159. If tariffs are opposed here then why not there?
  160. The emperor has no textiles, clothing and footwear sense
  161. Ross Gittins Wins Bert Kelly Award
  162. Interesting 1964 Bert Kelly speech: he says he is not a free trader and that he supports protection!
  163. This is the wall the Right built
  164. Tariff Protection in Australia (1970)
  165. Has Santa socked it to car makers?
  166. Is the Budget a cargo cult?
  167. Will we end up subsidising one another?
  168. Keeping the bucket of worms alive
  169. Can we get off the stomach-churning head-spinning tariff merry-go-round?
  170. Do we want our money to fly?
  171. Can a bear be sure of a feed?
  172. How to impress your MP -
    ambush him
  173. The time for being nice to our MPs has gone ...
  174. Don't feel sorry for him -
    hang on to his ear
  175. Trade wars can easily end up on a battlefield
  176. Tariffs Create Unemployment
  177. Bert Kelly recommends Ayn Rand
  178. Bert Kelly on Alf Rattigan's Industry Assistance: The Inside Story
  179. Bert Kelly's Satirical Prophecy: Minister for Meteorology (tick) and High Protectionist Policies to Result in War Yet Again (?)
  180. Bert Kelly in 1972 on Foreign Ownership of Australian Farmland and Warren Truss, Barnaby Joyce and Bill Heffernan in 2012
  181. Bert Kelly baits Welfare State Tiger
  182. Why does Govt wear two faces?
  183. Parliament a place for pragmatists
  184. Of Sugar Wells and Think-Tanks
  185. Bert Kelly: "I must take some of the blame"
  186. Bert Kelly on dumping duties
  187. The Govt's helping hand often hurts
  188. Unbuckling the hobbles on the motor industry
  189. A Modest Farmer looks at the Problems of Structural Change
  190. Government Fails Spectacularly
  191. Know your proper place if you want the quiet life
  192. Bert Kelly on political speech writers
  193. Having your cake and eating it
  194. Perish the thawed!
  195. Hooray for Northern Development!
  196. Politicians can resist everything except pressure
  197. The silly image of our MPs
  198. Bert Kelly Question Time highlights
  199. Modest Farmer sees his ideas take hold
  200. Should facts stand in the way of a good story?
  201. Fondling one another's glass haloes
  202. What is the sense in making the effort to look after yourself?
  203. Fred's Feeling: Counterpatriotic country contrarian
  204. Handouts for big boys only
  205. Mavis trying to buy a hand loom
  206. Bad news for bearers of bad news
  207. Is it time to get aboard the tariff band-waggon?
  208. Why farmers resent tariff protection for motor makers
  209. A sordid use of scare tactics
  210. Goods vs services
  211. Tariffs are hilariously counterproductive
  212. Bert Kelly on decentralisation
  213. Inflation breeds moral decay
  214. Who envies equality?
  215. Growth – malignant or benign?
  216. Government wiser than Magna Carta
  217. Bert Kelly on looking to politicians for moral leadership
  218. Max Newton: Maverick in Exile
  219. Whitlam & co on the Dismissal
  220. 25% Tariff Cut
  221. Bert Kelly on pensions
  222. The backseat drivers of the Pilbara
  223. Mr Clunies-Ross of the Cocos Islands should rule Australia
  224. They get the wind up when it changes
  225. Why the Big Green Lie survives
  226. Ross McLean in 1982: "Malcolm! Why don't we try good government? It might be popular."
  227. Bert Kelly on the importance of exchange rate movements
  228. Bert Kelly shows how to attack
  229. Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly
  230. Industrial relations dinosaur, Bruce, chews his cud
  231. Hooray for "firmly entrenched"!
  232. Respect your dinosaurs
  233. What if something is "deeply ingrained" yet harmful?
  234. A case for ministerial inertia
  235. Why politicians don't like the truth
  236. Our great open spaces
  237. Ominous dark clouds are gathering
  238. Better to be popular than right
  239. Crying in the wilderness
  240. Ivory tower needs thumping
  241. Bert Kelly asks, "How can you believe in free enterprise and government intervention at the same time?"
  242. Politicians get undeserved praise, why not undeserved blame too?
  243. Feet in a bucket of champagne
  244. Rural Problems
  245. Health cover needs a $30 excess clause
  246. Unholy state of taxation
  247. Boring economics worth a smile
  248. The Libido for the Miserable
  249. Agricultural Development and Tariffs
  250. Fred's too poor to have principles
  251. Eccles Law of the constant wage share
  252. "He whom the gods would destroy ..."
  253. Tariffs: when to wean infant BHP?
  254. Keep any government as far as possible from farming
  255. The Playford charade is out of date
  256. Bert Kelly: the odd man out who's now in
  257. Dries must resist giving up struggle as going gets tough
  258. How a well meaning Government can be so stupid
  259. The icing on the economic cake
  260. Sir Roderick Carnegie's foreword to Bert Kelly's Economics Made Easy
  261. The Vale of Popularity and the Protection Procession
  262. Politics 101: Pay Lip Service to Capitalism and Shoot the Messenger
  263. Bert Kelly makes politicians eat their own words on tariffs, then says, "We cannot be blamed for treating the statements of our statesmen with cynical contempt"
  264. Bert Kelly on Free Enterprise
  265. Cartoons of protected industry, the welfare teat and the nanny state
  266. Bert Kelly on the theory of constant shares and the Fabian Society
  267. Bert Kelly vs Doug Anthony
  268. You're lucky if you escape being helped by government
  269. Bert Kelly on Small Farmers
  270. Bert Kelly on Apathy
  271. Bert Kelly in 1967 on "problems of government and things like that"
  272. The last "Dave's Diary"
  273. Bert Kelly vs The Australian on tariffs in 1977
  274. Bounties or Tariffs, Someone Pays
  275. Geriatric companies without a minder
  276. A free marketeer wary of free trade
  277. Nixon's puzzling profession of faith
  278. "Ford ... seems to spend more time bending its knees than its back"
  279. Clyde Cameron's weak ways with wise words
  280. Why flaunt what others flout?
  281. Bert Kelly yearns for Tim Flannery's powers of prediction
  282. Looking after yourself is silly
  283. Bert Kelly masterpiece on drought, fire, flood and other natural disaster relief schemes
  284. Government can take credit for our car industry mess
  285. Car makers want the 4wd driven deeper into tariff bog
  286. Why our MP is no longer prone to a good sob story
  287. Auto industry is in a straitjacket
  288. Bert Kelly on market predictions
  289. Why should dryland farmers subsidise irrigation farmers?
  290. How much should government decrease incentive for independence from government?
  291. Clarkson crowned Deputy Government Whip
  292. Bert Kelly to blame for soaring government healthcare costs
  293. 1959 return of Dave's Diary
  294. Bert Kelly in 1966 on developing northern Australia
  295. Successful government intervention can [sic] occur
  296. Vernon Report upholds Clarkson
  297. Quiet Man Makes An Impact
  298. Should it be compulsory to buy footwear and clothing?
  299. To save Australian clothing industry women must all wear same uniform
  300. Don't confuse plucking heart strings with plucking harp strings
  301. Speech only for public
  302. Catchy Tariff Circus Extravaganza
  303. Bert Kelly in 1985 on cars yet again
  304. Hurrah for the Gang of Five
  305. Thoughts on a verse about Balfour
  306. Bert Kelly pep talk to politicians
  307. Government intervention = Agony postponed but death brought nearer
  308. Recipe for disaster: Freeze!
  309. Recipe for government intervention: Gather winners and scatter losers
  310. Recipe for industry destruction: Blanket market signals
  311. Mavis writes!
  312. Bert Kelly's empiricism is not kneejerk reaction kind
  313. The $2,000 song of the shirt worker
  314. Subsiding only small farmers means subsiding the big banks
  315. Difficult to be fast on your feet when you've got your ear to the ground
  316. It would surprise people to see how sensible MPs behave if they think they are not being watched
  317. Bert Kelly on "this land of limitless resources" and "great open spaces"
  318. Growing bananas at the South Pole
  319. Car components tariff protection under fire
  320. Why carry a $300m car subsidy?
  321. Tariff feather beds for the foreign giants
  322. Bert Kelly says end compulsory voting to stop donkey vote
  323. Perhaps being smart and insured isn't all luck
  324. You gets your tariff, you pays a price
  325. More funds to train Olympians?
  326. Fire in their guts and wind in ours
  327. Should free universal healthcare include pets?
  328. Sound advice from a modest farmer
  329. A tottering monument to intervention
  330. Cunning meets wisdom
  331. Competition, Aussie-style: Who's the bigger parasite?
  332. Australians are proud patriotic parasites, says Bert Kelly
  333. Taxpayer-funded sport is cheating
  334. Being loved by all is not always a good thing
  335. Welfare State Destroys Society
  336. 1980 Bert Kelly feather bed series
  337. The White Mice Marketing Board
  338. Government intervention and advice can be harmful, even when right, even for those it tries to help
  339. One small step on the compulsory voting landmine
  340. The free & compulsory education sacred cows have no clothes
  341. Holding a loaded wallet to an economist's head
  342. Political No Man's Land
  343. Only blind greed demands both equality and prosperity
  344. A cow that sucks itself — that's us!
  345. Nip the bud of incentive; mock community spirit into submission
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