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Bert KellyOne More Nail (Adelaide: Brolga Books, 1978), ch. 3, pp. 13-16.

I was born in 1912 and there were four in the family, two girls and two boys. We all went to the little Merrindie school which was about three miles from home. Before my younger sister went to school the three of us used to ride on one quiet old mare. Then where there were four going to school we graduated to a spring cart. It was a one teacher school and I suppose all the high powered educationists of today would be very sorry for us, but I think that we were lucky. For one thing, we were always seeing interesting things on the journey, which is more than do most country kids of today as they travel in their big buses. And there is nothing quite so stimulating as a good one teacher school. You always have the opportunity to listen to the lessons being taught the class a year or more ahead of you. If the discipline is good, and it was with us, we learnt a lot and much of it painlessly.

Then in 1925 I went to Prince Alfred College as a boarder and had a typically Kelly undistinguished career. I didn’t really settle down to study until my fifth and final year and, strangely enough, it was economics and economic history that seemed to whet my interest in learning. But that is all the economics I have formally studied and I have always been envious of people who have been able to study economics at a university. I played in the first cricket and football teams, but mine was mostly a dull and mediocre time at college.

I left school at the end of 1929, just when the depression was bearing down on us. I worked on the farm under a manager and work was indeed the operative word. Then I started to manage the place when I was 21. In 1936 I married Lorna Clare Hill who I met when her brother came to teach at Merrindie school. We have three sons, two of them farmers and one a vet.

We had an unusually Puritan upbringing. My parents were staunch Methodists with a very strong sense of duty. But we were fortunate in that the little Methodist church at Giles Corner also had a tradition of self education. So there was often a debate to prepare or an evening devoted to drama or public speaking, as well as frequent devotional sessions. This training stood us in good stead later on life, though unfortunately it never taught me to talk well on my feet, though somewhere along the line I learnt to think clearly.

We had little money when we were married and we have to wait till we won the All Australian lamb competition before we could afford to buy a radio set. We had a good Dorset Horn sheep stud and exhibiting these at Adelaide and Melbourne Shows gave me some outside interests. But I was not farming the country well, the rotations were too close, and we were not using enough fertilizer, and as a result to soil started to wash away. I well remember my father saying to me on one of his visits home that it was about time I got off my tail and did something to stop these great gutters spoiling our best arable paddocks. He seemed to remember that someone somewhere in N.S.W. had published a little booklet, telling people how to construct contour banks which were supposed to guide the water off the land quietly instead of having it rush down the hillside, taking good soil with it. Then he disappeared to Melbourne again, leaving me with the job on my hands. That is one of the benefits of absentee ownership.

To make a long story short, I eventually located the booklet in the Bank of N.S.W. and, following its directions, we made up a level and then set out to lay out some contour banks [Note from Economics.org.au editor: I presume he is talking about Yeomans Keyline Plan, but I don’t think that was published till 1954]. Lorna, who was then great with our first child, used to mark the place for the pegs to go. It was quite exciting wandering around behind the level, wondering where it would lead us. Then we ploughed the banks together with an old disc plough, and then we waited for the rain. There were a lot of teething troubles, but we made the banks work reasonably well. Then I got the Department of Agriculture people to come and see what we had done, and we soon had a soil conservation service going under excellent officers. And I ended up on the State Soil Conservation Committee which work I very much enjoyed until I went into Parliament.

Then I found myself on the Advisory Board of Agriculture. Its task was to advise the Minister for Agriculture and also to have the general oversight of the Agricultural Bureau which was an excellent farmer’s extension service. I served two terms as Chairman on this body during the 17 years I was on the Advisory Board.

Then in 1951 I was awarded a Nuffield Fellowship to enable me to study farming in Britain. This was the first time farming fellowships had been awarded in Australia, though they had been made available to British farmers for some years. As the name indicates, they were financed by the Nuffield Foundation. Lorna and I had a most interesting seven months in Britain, learning a little about the systems of farming that were applicable to our arid area, but also learning a lot about life.

It is interesting that a few years ago the ex Nuffield farming fellows in Australia were told that the Nuffield Foundation felt that it could no longer finance the scheme and, if it was as good as they have been told, they we ought to be able to carry the scheme on ourselves. This has meant a considerable effort on the part of the ex Nuffield fellows, but we have been successful so far with the generous assistance of Qantas, farming firms and the banks. We send two scholars away each year, with the various States taking their turn. And it is with modest pride that I tell that the scholar who is now away representing South Australia is my son Kim who is the first son of a Nuffield man to win the award in Australia.

When I returned to Australia in September 1951 I found that there was a great deal of interest and curiosity about British farming, so I ended up giving lectures all round the State.

My avid interest in agriculture continued in formal and informal channels until I went into Parliament in 1958.

(in order of appearance on Economics.org.au)
  1. Bert Kelly on his journalism
  2. Move for a body of Modest Members
  3. Modest Members Association
  4. Bert Kelly's Maiden Parliamentary Speech
  5. Government Intervention
  6. 1976 Monday Conference transcript featuring Bert Kelly
  7. Bert Kelly, Hayek and Mencken on the virtues of farmers
  8. Sound economics calls for quiet from government
  9. Petrol for Farmers
  10. Some Sacred Cows
  11. Experiences in Parliament
  12. Spending your Money
  13. Is Taxmania a politician fetish?
  14. How Bert Kelly repays a free feed
  15. Modest column #898
  16. Chicken-hearted feathered friends strange bedfellows on a feather bed?
  17. Who needs literary licence?
  18. A touch of Fred's anarchy
  19. Helping the farmers help themselves
  20. Standing on the shoulders of the downtrodden
  21. Supply and Demand
  22. Bert Kelly responds to claims he is arrogant and uncredentialed
  23. Politics: it's a very confusing business
  24. The best featherbeds run on rails
  25. Bert Kelly on Disaster Relief
  26. Bert Kelly Wants to Secede
  27. Blinded by their tears
  28. Anti-freedom pro-tobacco industry lobby harmed Australia
  29. Under Labor, is working hard foolish?
  30. An Idiot's Guide to Interventionism
  31. Is free priceless healthcare worthless?
  32. Can government kiss it better?
  33. Bert Kelly Destroys the Side Benefits Argument for Government
  34. Bert Kelly gets his head around big-headed bird-brained politics
  35. First Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  36. Second Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  37. Third Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  38. Fourth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  39. Fifth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  40. Sixth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
  41. Bert Kelly on the 2011 Budget and Australia's Pathetic Journalists and Politicians
  42. Bert Kelly, Bastard or Simple Sod?
  43. Liberal Backbencher Hits Govt. Over Import Restrictions
  44. Bert Kelly feels a dam coming on at each election
  45. Bert Kelly Enters Parliament
  46. Why take in one another's washing?
  47. Bert Kelly breaks the law, disrespects government and enjoys it
  48. Gillard's galley-powered waterskiing
  49. State Premiers are always asking for more taxing powers
  50. Can price control really work?
  51. Should we put up with socialism?
  52. We're quick to get sick of socialism
  53. Time the protection racket ended
  54. Can't pull the wool over Farmer Fred
  55. People not Politics
  56. Bert Kelly admits he should have had less faith in politicians
  57. The inspirational incentivising Dear Leader Gough Whitlam
  58. Labor: a girl who couldn't say no
  59. Why leading businessmen carry black briefcases
  60. Ludwig von Mises on page 3 of AFR
  61. Bert Kelly's empowering feminism
  62. Another shot at motor car madness
  63. Mavis wants the Modest Member to dedicate his book to her
  64. What if the whole country is swindled?
  65. Moss Cass: "Flood plains are for floods"
  66. A worm's eye view
  67. Eccles returns to haunt us
  68. How to grip a politician's ear
  69. It's hard to digest this economic cake
  70. Time to Butcher "Aussie Beef"
  71. Cold water on government-instigated irrigation schemes
  72. Hooray for Ord River Dam!
  73. Tariffs paid by exporters
  74. The problem of principles v popularity
  75. If you support State Quotas, where will your logic take you?
  76. Against guidance by government
  77. A socialist in Liberal clothing
  78. Never ask the government to help
  79. Don't listen to economists!
  80. Bert Kelly's revolutionary strategy
  81. Welfare state incentivises bludging and being thrown out of work
  82. It all sounds like bloody politics to Fred
  83. Mavis wants me to get in for my chop
  84. Whitlam's July 1973 25% tariff cut
  85. Bert Kelly on Import Quotas
  86. Good directions when government backseat driving, like reversing down wrong side of road
  87. Barriers to imports are barriers to exports
  88. "I was right" — but he's off to hospital ...
  89. Bert Kelly reviews The War Diaries of Weary Dunlop
  90. Bert Kelly reviews We Were There
  91. Tariffs get the fork-tongue treatment
  92. Bert Kelly reduces government to its absurdities
  93. Politician sacrifices his ... honesty
  94. It's all a matter of principle
  95. Bert Kelly Destroys the Infant Industry Argument
  96. Bert Kelly Untangles Tariff Torment
  97. Bert Kelly resorts to prayer
  98. Eccles keeps our nose hard down on the tariff grindstone
  99. "Don't you believe in protecting us against imports from cheap labour countries?"
  100. Even if lucky, we needn't be stupid
  101. Great "freedom of choice" mystery
  102. Small government's growth problem
  103. I like my kind acts to get a mention in the press
  104. A Modest Member rakes the embers
  105. Tariffs Introduced
  106. More About Tariffs
  107. Sacred cow kicker into print
  108. Bert Kelly's 1984 two-article quote-collection on Aboriginal policies
  109. Modest Member must not give up
  110. Traditional Wheat Farming is Our Birthright and Heritage and Must be Protected!
  111. Tariff-cut nonsense lives on
  112. Bert Kelly brilliantly defends "theoretical academics"
  113. The high cost of protection
  114. Generosity creates problems
  115. The Society of Modest Members
  116. John Hyde's illogical, soft, complicated, unfocussed and unsuccessful attempt to communicate why he defends markets
  117. Modesty ablaze
  118. Case for ministers staying home
  119. The unusual self-evident simplicity of the Modest Members Society
  120. Animal lib the new scourge of the bush
  121. The Association for the Prevention of Cruelty to Krill
  122. modest members society
  123. Repeal economic laws, force people to buy new cars and enforce tariffs against overseas tennis players
  124. Thoughts on how to kill dinosaurs
  125. Let's try the chill winds
  126. Taking the Right's road
  127. Bert Kelly: "I did not try often or hard enough"
  128. Bert Kelly "lacked ... guts and wisdom"
  129. A look at life without tariffs
  130. The Gospel according to Bert
  131. Tiny note on Bert Kelly's column in The Bulletin in 1985
  132. Why costs can't be guaranteed
  133. Hitting out with a halo
  134. Paying farmers not to grow crops will save on subsidies, revenge tariffs, etc
  135. "The Modest Farmer joins us" | "How The Modest Farmer came to be"
  136. Bert Kelly Destroys the Freeloading Justifies Government Argument
  137. Industrial Relations Club shovellers
  138. From Shann to Stone
  139. Government Intervention
    vs
    Government Interference
  140. A sojourn in the real world
  141. The tariff wind swings
  142. Bigger Cake = Bigger Slices
  143. Bert Kelly on the Political Process
  144. A charabanc called protection
  145. Taken for a ride - to nowhere
  146. Down hill, in circles, all the way
  147. Economic facts and figures are statistics who should speak out
  148. Any cons arguing small business bad but big government good?
  149. Relationships with the Liberal Party
  150. Tariffs = High Prices + World War
  151. Bert Kelly's Family History
  152. Bert Kelly's Pre-Parliament Life
  153. What the MP could say to the Bishop
  154. Why Bert Kelly was not even more publicly outspoken
  155. WEATHER IS USUALLY UNUSUAL
  156. How to stand aside when it's time to be counted
  157. How the Modest Member went back to being a Modest Farmer
  158. My pearls of wisdom were dull beyond belief
  159. Bert Kelly on Political Football
  160. Undigested morsels in Fraser spew
  161. Bert Kelly on LSD
  162. Bert Kelly reflects on the Australian car industry in 1992
  163. Bert Kelly wants reprinted Shann's Economic History of Australia
  164. If tariffs are opposed here then why not there?
  165. The emperor has no textiles, clothing and footwear sense
  166. Ross Gittins Wins Bert Kelly Award
  167. Interesting 1964 Bert Kelly speech: he says he is not a free trader and that he supports protection!
  168. This is the wall the Right built
  169. Tariff Protection in Australia (1970)
  170. Has Santa socked it to car makers?
  171. Is the Budget a cargo cult?
  172. Will we end up subsidising one another?
  173. Keeping the bucket of worms alive
  174. Can we get off the stomach-churning head-spinning tariff merry-go-round?
  175. Do we want our money to fly?
  176. Can a bear be sure of a feed?
  177. How to impress your MP -
    ambush him
  178. The time for being nice to our MPs has gone ...
  179. Don't feel sorry for him -
    hang on to his ear
  180. Trade wars can easily end up on a battlefield
  181. Tariffs Create Unemployment
  182. Bert Kelly recommends Ayn Rand
  183. Bert Kelly on Alf Rattigan's Industry Assistance: The Inside Story
  184. Bert Kelly's Satirical Prophecy: Minister for Meteorology (tick) and High Protectionist Policies to Result in War Yet Again (?)
  185. Bert Kelly in 1972 on Foreign Ownership of Australian Farmland and Warren Truss, Barnaby Joyce and Bill Heffernan in 2012
  186. Bert Kelly baits Welfare State Tiger
  187. Why does Govt wear two faces?
  188. Parliament a place for pragmatists
  189. Of Sugar Wells and Think-Tanks
  190. Bert Kelly: "I must take some of the blame"
  191. Bert Kelly on dumping duties
  192. The Govt's helping hand often hurts
  193. Unbuckling the hobbles on the motor industry
  194. A Modest Farmer looks at the Problems of Structural Change
  195. Government Fails Spectacularly
  196. Know your proper place if you want the quiet life
  197. Bert Kelly on political speech writers
  198. Having your cake and eating it
  199. Perish the thawed!
  200. Hooray for Northern Development!
  201. Politicians can resist everything except pressure
  202. The silly image of our MPs
  203. Bert Kelly Question Time highlights
  204. Modest Farmer sees his ideas take hold
  205. Should facts stand in the way of a good story?
  206. Fondling one another's glass haloes
  207. What is the sense in making the effort to look after yourself?
  208. Fred's Feeling: Counterpatriotic country contrarian
  209. Handouts for big boys only
  210. Mavis trying to buy a hand loom
  211. Bad news for bearers of bad news
  212. Is it time to get aboard the tariff band-waggon?
  213. Why farmers resent tariff protection for motor makers
  214. A sordid use of scare tactics
  215. Goods vs services
  216. Tariffs are hilariously counterproductive
  217. The dilemmas of Aboriginal Affairs
  218. Bert Kelly on decentralisation
  219. Inflation breeds moral decay
  220. Who envies equality?
  221. Growth – malignant or benign?
  222. Government wiser than Magna Carta
  223. Bert Kelly on looking to politicians for moral leadership
  224. Max Newton: Maverick in Exile
  225. Whitlam & co on the Dismissal
  226. 25% Tariff Cut
  227. Bert Kelly on pensions
  228. The backseat drivers of the Pilbara
  229. Mr Clunies-Ross of the Cocos Islands should rule Australia
  230. They get the wind up when it changes
  231. Why the Big Green Lie survives
  232. Ross McLean in 1982: "Malcolm! Why don't we try good government? It might be popular."
  233. Bert Kelly on the importance of exchange rate movements
  234. Bert Kelly shows how to attack
  235. Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly
  236. Industrial relations dinosaur, Bruce, chews his cud
  237. Hooray for "firmly entrenched"!
  238. Respect your dinosaurs
  239. What if something is "deeply ingrained" yet harmful?
  240. A case for ministerial inertia
  241. Why politicians don't like the truth
  242. Our great open spaces
  243. Ominous dark clouds are gathering
  244. Better to be popular than right
  245. Crying in the wilderness
  246. Ivory tower needs thumping
  247. Bert Kelly asks, "How can you believe in free enterprise and government intervention at the same time?"
  248. Politicians get undeserved praise, why not undeserved blame too?
  249. Feet in a bucket of champagne
  250. Rural Problems
  251. Health cover needs a $30 excess clause
  252. Unholy state of taxation
  253. Boring economics worth a smile
  254. The Libido for the Miserable
  255. Agricultural Development and Tariffs
  256. Fred's too poor to have principles
  257. Eccles Law of the constant wage share
  258. "He whom the gods would destroy ..."
  259. Low tariff torch burnt Eccles' fingers
  260. A cow of a car — with dual horns
  261. Tariffs: when to wean infant BHP?
  262. Keep any government as far as possible from farming
  263. The Playford charade is out of date
  264. Bert Kelly: the odd man out who's now in
  265. Dries must resist giving up struggle as going gets tough
  266. How a well meaning Government can be so stupid
  267. The icing on the economic cake
  268. Sir Roderick Carnegie's foreword to Bert Kelly's Economics Made Easy
  269. The Vale of Popularity and the Protection Procession
  270. Politics 101: Pay Lip Service to Capitalism and Shoot the Messenger
  271. Bert Kelly makes politicians eat their own words on tariffs, then says, "We cannot be blamed for treating the statements of our statesmen with cynical contempt"
  272. Bert Kelly on Free Enterprise
  273. Cartoons of protected industry, the welfare teat and the nanny state
  274. Bert Kelly on the theory of constant shares and the Fabian Society
  275. Bert Kelly vs Doug Anthony
  276. You're lucky if you escape being helped by government
  277. Bert Kelly on Small Farmers
  278. Bert Kelly on Apathy
  279. Bert Kelly in 1967 on "problems of government and things like that"
  280. The last "Dave's Diary"
  281. Bert Kelly vs The Australian on tariffs in 1977
  282. Bounties or Tariffs, Someone Pays
  283. Geriatric companies without a minder
  284. A free marketeer wary of free trade
  285. Nixon's puzzling profession of faith
  286. "Ford ... seems to spend more time bending its knees than its back"
  287. Clyde Cameron's weak ways with wise words
  288. Why flaunt what others flout?
  289. Bert Kelly yearns for Tim Flannery's powers of prediction
  290. Looking after yourself is silly
  291. Bert Kelly masterpiece on drought, fire, flood and other natural disaster relief schemes
  292. Government can take credit for our car industry mess
  293. Car makers want the 4wd driven deeper into tariff bog
  294. Why our MP is no longer prone to a good sob story
  295. Auto industry is in a straitjacket
  296. Bert Kelly on market predictions
  297. Why should dryland farmers subsidise irrigation farmers?
  298. How much should government decrease incentive for independence from government?
  299. Clarkson crowned Deputy Government Whip
  300. Bert Kelly to blame for soaring government healthcare costs
  301. 1959 return of Dave's Diary
  302. Bert Kelly in 1966 on developing northern Australia
  303. Successful government intervention can [sic] occur
  304. Vernon Report upholds Clarkson
  305. Quiet Man Makes An Impact
  306. Should it be compulsory to buy footwear and clothing?
  307. To save Australian clothing industry women must all wear same uniform
  308. Don't confuse plucking heart strings with plucking harp strings
  309. Speech only for public
  310. Catchy Tariff Circus Extravaganza
  311. Bert Kelly in 1985 on cars yet again
  312. Hurrah for the Gang of Five
  313. Thoughts on a verse about Balfour
  314. Bert Kelly pep talk to politicians
  315. Government intervention = Agony postponed but death brought nearer
  316. Recipe for disaster: Freeze!
  317. Recipe for government intervention: Gather winners and scatter losers
  318. Recipe for industry destruction: Blanket market signals
  319. Mavis writes!
  320. Bert Kelly's empiricism is not kneejerk reaction kind
  321. The $2,000 song of the shirt worker
  322. Subsiding only small farmers means subsiding the big banks
  323. Difficult to be fast on your feet when you've got your ear to the ground
  324. It would surprise people to see how sensible MPs behave if they think they are not being watched
  325. Bert Kelly on "this land of limitless resources" and "great open spaces"
  326. Growing bananas at the South Pole
  327. Car components tariff protection under fire
  328. Why carry a $300m car subsidy?
  329. Tariff feather beds for the foreign giants
  330. Bert Kelly says end compulsory voting to stop donkey vote
  331. Perhaps being smart and insured isn't all luck
  332. You gets your tariff, you pays a price
  333. More funds to train Olympians?
  334. Fire in their guts and wind in ours
  335. Should free universal healthcare include pets?
  336. Sound advice from a modest farmer
  337. A tottering monument to intervention
  338. Cunning meets wisdom
  339. Competition, Aussie-style: Who's the bigger parasite?
  340. Australians are proud patriotic parasites, says Bert Kelly
  341. Taxpayer-funded sport is cheating
  342. Being loved by all is not always a good thing
  343. Welfare State Destroys Society
  344. 1980 Bert Kelly feather bed series
  345. The White Mice Marketing Board
  346. Government intervention and advice can be harmful, even when right, even for those it tries to help
  347. One small step on the compulsory voting landmine
  348. The free & compulsory education sacred cows have no clothes
  349. Holding a loaded wallet to an economist's head
  350. Political No Man's Land
  351. Only blind greed demands both equality and prosperity
  352. A cow that sucks itself — that's us!
  353. Nip the bud of incentive; mock community spirit into submission
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