Bert Kelly, “A new look at Aboriginal policies,”
The Bulletin, February 21, 1984, p. 99.
My political training has made me careful not to get into unnecessary trouble. For instance, for years I have had an uneasy suspicion that modern poetry, like modern art, is a great confidence trick — perpetrated by poets who cannot write verse which scans or rhymes. But I have not said so because I am frightened of being sneered at.
I have also nurtured suspicions that our Aboriginal policies were wrong but I have been too nervous to say so lest people brand me a racist.
However I have borrowed some courage since reading Red Over Black by Geoffrey McDonald, from Veritas Publishing in Western Australia. McDonald was a member of the Communist Party for many years and he tells how he and other communist cadres were instructed how to use the Aboriginal problem to further their cause. He says:
It was while attending the secret communist school in Minto, in NSW in 1959, when I was engaged in painting Aboriginal murals on the lecture room walls, that I first heard top communist leaders like J. B. Miles and Lance Sharkey remark how, one day in the future, if the party worked correctly, the first step towards making Australia a communist country would be the establishment of black republican areas of Australia inhabited by Aboriginals.
After leaving the Communist Party, McDonald represented the Royal Australian Nursing Federation (RANF) as an industrial officer and made many visits to Aboriginal settlements in the Northern Territory where RANF nurses were working.
During these visits he got to know, respect and understand many Aborigines and he also saw, in the raw, the way the Federal Government was tackling these problems. Let me give an example: there was trouble at Yuendumu, about 200 kilometres from Alice Springs. The nurses there were being threatened because of drunken brawls and violence dictated by tribal laws of the past.
When McDonald went there with officers of the Department of Health, he says:
We were confronted by a deputation of Aboriginal men and women who explained why they needed the assistance of the police on the reservation. Some of them protested vigorously at the interference of the Aboriginal Affairs Department in Canberra and urban Aborigines from Melbourne and Sydney who were visiting Alice Springs and other parts of the Territory, using the authority of the Aboriginal Affairs Department to interfere in their affairs and to unjustly claim to be speaking on their behalf. This, they told us, was leading to a breakdown of order and progress on this and other reservations in the Territory.
The Department of Health and the Aborigines themselves were powerless to influence the bureaucracy in Canberra which was centred around the influence of the Leftist Charles Perkins and his radical compatriots. In all my investigations, I found Perkins to be the last person who could claim to be representative of Aborigines.
Now that is what many of us have been thinking for a long while but which I at least have been too frightened to say.
The late Professor T. G. H. Strehlow was reared among Aborigines and was a recognised authority on Aboriginal culture, law and language. In his book The Struggle For Power, John Grover quotes the professor as saying:
Nor will the exploits of the many new … professional admirers of Aboriginal art and civilisation, money-hungry lawyers, red-hot activists and so on, help Australians to arrive at any just solutions of the near-insoluble “Aboriginal problems” of the present. If the future is to be redressed at all, the present hate campaigns must be ended; and then thoughtful black and white leaders must look at the real problems of the present and the future in a spirit of helpful co-operation.
Most white Australians are today at least conscious of the injustices of the past and are willing to provide at least some of the finance to make amends for these injustices, provided that the money goes to the real sufferers or surviving disabilities and not to the stirrers, the activists and the self-appointed (or government-appointed) “experts”, “advisers” and “spokesmen” for the Aborigines.
Now if I had said that, Al Grassby and all the do-gooders would have branded me a racist. However Strehlow had an advantage over the rest of us: he knew what he was talking about, which made him almost unique.
McDonald’s comments about our immigration policy worry me but what he says about our administration of the Aborigines in the NT makes me ashamed that I have kept my head down below this parapet for so long.
I suggest that you read the book for yourself.
Bert Kelly, “Focus on ‘the good old ways’,”
The Bulletin, February 28, 1984, p. 90.
As I get older, I find that everything in the past tends to take on a rosier hue. The good old days get better.
I worked even harder then and ran even faster, made more runs and shore more sheep.
I have also noticed that distance seems to lend enchantment to the view when some people dabble with the Aboriginal problem.
When Captain Cook came here, the Aboriginal population was small. There were many reasons for this but Aboriginal laws and culture were most important. Professor Geoffrey Blainey, in his book The Triumph Of The Nomads, tells about the effects of these quaint old traditions:
The conclusion seems inescapable: over a long period of time, millions of newborn Aboriginals must have been deliberately killed by their mother or father. Infanticide was almost certainly the strongest check on the increase of the population of Aborigines.
Yet many do-gooders want the present Aborigines to return to these good old ways.
Blainey goes on to tell about the Aboriginal tradition of fighting one another:
While epidemics came irregularly, armed fights were more an annual event in many parts of the continent and Tasmania. Violent death by spearing and clubbing was a restraint on the growth of population. Occasionally, there were pitched battles or raids in which many men took part. The casualties might not, at first sight, seem large but the death of two men in a battle involving 40 meant that casualties were approaching the scale of the Battle of the Somme. An Aboriginal fight could absorb a large proportion of the adults within a radius of 80km, could involve a far higher proportion of able-bodied adults than any war of the 20th century could possibly involve.
So, do not let us have so much talk about the gentle savage. Some of them were gentle some of the time but really there were just as ruthless as our forefathers were.
Those who urge our present-day Aborigines to go back to these good old days should realise, as Geoff McDonald says in his book, Red Over Black:
The facts are that the overwhelming majority of Aborigines do not want to keep their “laws” at all because they are horrible and are the cause of murder and death by bone pointing and create a constant obligation for spearing each other — if not for the purpose of causing death, then, injury to various parts of the body for the most unimportant breaches of custom … Apart from the white neophytes, it is mainly the part=Aborigines who have been brought up in the cities and who live on considerable public service salaries who are telling the full-blood natives to go back to a system of carnage which helped keep this continent virtually unpopulated until the settlement of the white man.
Other do-gooders urge the Aborigines to return to the good old traditional health remedies. Cures such as putting witchetty grubs in spear wounds, covering burns with caterpillar bags, curies scabies by crushing and soaking twigs in blood from a goanna’s nose, cutting off the top of a termite mound, mixing it with water and drinking it to cure stomach ache — are these the remedies these people want? Would they want their children to use them?
I think we are becoming bemused by sloppy thinkers who are trying to build up a guilt complex in us.
Big, kind-hearted Ginger went to see the film King Of Kings. When he came out, he belted the daylights out of his friend Benny Cohen. When asked why, Ginger replied: “Look what the Jews did to Jesus!”
Sir Paul Hasluck put it more genteelly in his book An Open Go. In the chapter called “The Future of Aborigines” he said:
Nor am I willing to move to a glib and easy confession of all the sins of our fathers. It seems to me that quite a number of those who continue to enjoy the physical comforts and cultural amenities of urban Australia today and have no intention of doing without them find too easy a path to virtue by perpetually talking about what an abominable set of scoundrels their pioneering fathers were. Let them remember that there is a link between enjoying a symphony concert in Sydney or earning a salary for being cynical in an air-conditioned television studio in 1970 and the long, hard, hot and painful years of endurance of past generations when the foundations of settlement were being laid in the discomfort and danger of the outback.
I get a little tired of the sort of public speaker who is forever beating his breast for the nation’s shame and then indulging himself with a share of the nation’s profits.
What do you think of that? Yet I have heard it said that governors-general have nothing much to say.
- Bert Kelly on his journalism
- Move for a body of Modest Members
- Modest Members Association
- Bert Kelly's Maiden Parliamentary Speech
- Government Intervention
- 1976 Monday Conference transcript featuring Bert Kelly
- Bert Kelly, Hayek and Mencken on the virtues of farmers
- Sound economics calls for quiet from government
- Petrol for Farmers
- Some Sacred Cows
- Experiences in Parliament
- Spending your Money
- Is Taxmania a politician fetish?
- How Bert Kelly repays a free feed
- Modest column #898
- Chicken-hearted feathered friends strange bedfellows on a feather bed?
- Who needs literary licence?
- A touch of Fred's anarchy
- Helping the farmers help themselves
- Standing on the shoulders of the downtrodden
- Supply and Demand
- Bert Kelly responds to claims he is arrogant and uncredentialed
- Politics: it's a very confusing business
- The best featherbeds run on rails
- Bert Kelly on Disaster Relief
- Bert Kelly Wants to Secede
- Blinded by their tears
- Anti-freedom pro-tobacco industry lobby harmed Australia
- Under Labor, is working hard foolish?
- An Idiot's Guide to Interventionism
- Is free healthcare worthless?
- Can government kiss it better?
- Bert Kelly Destroys the Side Benefits Argument for Government
- Bert Kelly gets his head around big-headed bird-brained politics
- First Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
- Second Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
- Third Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
- Fourth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
- Fifth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
- Sixth Modest Member (Bert Kelly) AFR Column
- Bert Kelly on the 2011 Budget and Australia's Pathetic Journalists and Politicians
- Bert Kelly, Bastard or Simple Sod?
- Liberal Backbencher Hits Govt. Over Import Restrictions
- Bert Kelly feels a dam coming on at each election
- Bert Kelly Enters Parliament
- Why take in one another's washing?
- Bert Kelly breaks the law, disrespects government and enjoys it
- Gillard's galley-powered waterskiing
- State Premiers are always asking for more taxing powers
- Can price control really work?
- Should we put up with socialism?
- We're quick to get sick of socialism
- Time the protection racket ended
- Can't pull the wool over Farmer Fred
- People not Politics
- Bert Kelly admits he should have had less faith in politicians
- The inspirational incentivising Dear Leader Gough Whitlam
- Labor: a girl who couldn't say no
- Why leading businessmen carry black briefcases
- Ludwig von Mises on page 3 of AFR
- Bert Kelly's empowering feminism
- Mavis wants the Modest Member to dedicate his book to her
- What if the whole country is swindled?
- Moss Cass: "Flood plains are for floods"
- A worm's eye view
- Eccles returns to haunt us
- How to grip a politician's ear
- It's hard to digest this economic cake
- Time to Butcher "Aussie Beef"
- Cold water on government-instigated irrigation schemes
- Hooray for Ord River Dam!
- Tariffs paid by exporters
- The problem of principles v popularity
- If you support State Quotas, where will your logic take you?
- Against guidance by government
- A socialist in Liberal clothing
- Never ask the government to help
- Don't listen to economists!
- Bert Kelly's revolutionary strategy
- Whitlam's July 1973 25% tariff cut
- Bert Kelly on Import Quotas
- Good directions when government backseat driving, like reversing down wrong side of road
- Barriers to imports are barriers to exports
- Bert Kelly reviews The War Diaries of Weary Dunlop
- Bert Kelly reviews We Were There
- Tariffs get the fork-tongue treatment
- Bert Kelly reduces government to its absurdities
- Politician sacrifices his ... honesty
- It's all a matter of principle
- Bert Kelly Destroys the Infant Industry Argument
- Bert Kelly Untangles Tariff Torment
- Bert Kelly resorts to prayer
- Eccles keeps our nose hard down on the tariff grindstone
- "Don't you believe in protecting us against imports from cheap labour countries?"
- Even if lucky, we needn't be stupid
- Great "freedom of choice" mystery
- Small government's growth problem
- I like my kind acts to get a mention in the press
- A Modest Member rakes the embers
- Tariffs Introduced
- More About Tariffs
- Sacred cow kicker into print
- Bert Kelly's 1984 two-article quote-collection on Aboriginal policies
- Modest Member must not give up
- Traditional Wheat Farming is Our Birthright and Heritage and Must be Protected!
- Tariff-cut nonsense lives on
- Bert Kelly brilliantly defends "theoretical academics"
- The high cost of protection
- Generosity creates problems
- The Society of Modest Members
- John Hyde's illogical, soft, complicated, unfocussed and unsuccessful attempt to communicate why he defends markets
- Modesty ablaze
- Case for ministers staying home
- The unusual self-evident simplicity of the Modest Members Society
- Animal lib the new scourge of the bush
- The Association for the Prevention of Cruelty to Krill
- modest members society
- Repeal economic laws, force people to buy new cars and enforce tariffs against overseas tennis players
- Thoughts on how to kill dinosaurs
- Let's try the chill winds
- Taking the Right's road
- Bert Kelly: "I did not try often or hard enough"
- Bert Kelly "lacked ... guts and wisdom"
- A look at life without tariffs
- The Gospel according to Bert
- Tiny note on Bert Kelly's column in The Bulletin in 1985
- Why costs can't be guaranteed
- Hitting out with a halo
- Paying farmers not to grow crops will save on subsidies, revenge tariffs, etc
- "The Modest Farmer joins us" | "How The Modest Farmer came to be"
- Bert Kelly Destroys the Freeloading Justifies Government Argument
- Industrial Relations Club shovellers
- From Shann to Stone
- Government Intervention
- A sojourn in the real world
- The tariff wind swings
- Bigger Cake = Bigger Slices
- Bert Kelly on the Political Process
- A charabanc called protection
- Taken for a ride - to nowhere
- Down hill, in circles, all the way
- Relationships with the Liberal Party
- Tariffs = High Prices + World War
- Bert Kelly's Family History
- Bert Kelly's Pre-Parliament Life
- What the MP could say to the Bishop
- Why Bert Kelly was not even more publicly outspoken
- WEATHER IS USUALLY UNUSUAL
- How to stand aside when it's time to be counted
- How the Modest Member went back to being a Modest Farmer
- My pearls of wisdom were dull beyond belief
- Bert Kelly on Political Football
- Undigested morsels in Fraser spew
- Bert Kelly on LSD
- Bert Kelly reflects on the Australian car industry in 1992
- Bert Kelly wants reprinted Shann's Economic History of Australia
- If tariffs are opposed here then why not there?
- The emperor has no textiles, clothing and footwear sense
- Ross Gittins Wins Bert Kelly Award
- Interesting 1964 Bert Kelly speech: he says he is not a free trader and that he supports protection!
- This is the wall the Right built
- Tariff Protection in Australia (1970)
- Has Santa socked it to car makers?
- Is the Budget a cargo cult?
- Will we end up subsidising one another?
- Keeping the bucket of worms alive
- Can we get off the stomach-churning head-spinning tariff merry-go-round?
- Do we want our money to fly?
- Can a bear be sure of a feed?
- How to impress your MP -
- The time for being nice to our MPs has gone ...
- Don't feel sorry for him -
hang on to his ear
- Trade wars can easily end up on a battlefield
- Tariffs Create Unemployment
- Bert Kelly recommends Ayn Rand
- Bert Kelly on Alf Rattigan's Industry Assistance: The Inside Story
- Bert Kelly's Satirical Prophecy: Minister for Meteorology (tick) and High Protectionist Policies to Result in War Yet Again (?)
- Bert Kelly in 1972 on Foreign Ownership of Australian Farmland and Warren Truss, Barnaby Joyce and Bill Heffernan in 2012
- Bert Kelly baits Welfare State Tiger
- Why does Govt wear two faces?
- Parliament a place for pragmatists
- Of Sugar Wells and Think-Tanks
- Bert Kelly: "I must take some of the blame"
- Bert Kelly on dumping duties
- The Govt's helping hand often hurts
- Unbuckling the hobbles on the motor industry
- A Modest Farmer looks at the Problems of Structural Change
- Government Fails Spectacularly
- Know your proper place if you want the quiet life
- Bert Kelly on political speech writers
- Having your cake and eating it
- Perish the thawed!
- Hooray for Northern Development!
- The silly image of our MPs
- Bert Kelly Question Time highlights
- Modest Farmer sees his ideas take hold
- Should facts stand in the way of a good story?
- Fondling one another's glass haloes
- What is the sense in making the effort to look after yourself?
- Fred's Feeling: Counterpatriotic country contrarian
- Handouts for big boys only
- Mavis trying to buy a hand loom
- Bad news for bearers of bad news
- Is it time to get aboard the tariff band-waggon?
- Why farmers resent tariff protection for motor makers
- A sordid use of scare tactics
- Goods vs services
- Tariffs are hilariously counterproductive
- Bert Kelly on decentralisation
- Inflation breeds moral decay
- Who envies equality?
- Growth – malignant or benign?
- Government wiser than Magna Carta
- Bert Kelly on looking to politicians for moral leadership
- Max Newton: Maverick in Exile
- Whitlam & co on the Dismissal
- 25% Tariff Cut
- Bert Kelly on pensions
- Mr Clunies-Ross of the Cocos Islands should rule Australia
- They get the wind up when it changes
- Why the Big Green Lie survives
- Ross McLean in 1982: "Malcolm! Why don't we try good government? It might be popular."
- Bert Kelly on the importance of exchange rate movements
- Bert Kelly shows how to attack
- Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly vs Bert Kelly
- Industrial relations dinosaur, Bruce, chews his cud
- Hooray for "firmly entrenched"!
- Respect your dinosaurs
- What if something is "deeply ingrained" yet harmful?
- A case for ministerial inertia
- Why politicians don't like the truth
- Our great open spaces
- Ominous dark clouds are gathering
- Better to be popular than right
- Crying in the wilderness
- Ivory tower needs thumping
- Bert Kelly asks, "How can you believe in free enterprise and government intervention at the same time?"
- Politicians get undeserved praise, why not undeserved blame too?
- Feet in a bucket of champagne
- Rural Problems
- Health cover needs a $30 excess clause
- Unholy state of taxation
- Boring economics worth a smile
- The Libido for the Miserable
- Agricultural Development and Tariffs
- Fred's too poor to have principles
- Eccles Law of the constant wage share
- "He whom the gods would destroy ..."
- Tariffs: when to wean infant BHP?
- Keep any government as far as possible from farming
- The Playford charade is out of date
- Bert Kelly: the odd man out who's now in
- Dries must resist giving up struggle as going gets tough
- How a well meaning Government can be so stupid
- The icing on the economic cake
- Sir Roderick Carnegie's foreword to Bert Kelly's Economics Made Easy
- The Vale of Popularity and the Protection Procession
- Politics 101: Pay Lip Service to Capitalism and Shoot the Messenger
- Bert Kelly makes politicians eat their own words on tariffs, then says, "We cannot be blamed for treating the statements of our statesmen with cynical contempt"
- Bert Kelly on Free Enterprise
- Cartoons of protected industry, the welfare teat and the nanny state
- Bert Kelly on the theory of constant shares and the Fabian Society
- Bert Kelly vs Doug Anthony
- You're lucky if you escape being helped by government
- Bert Kelly on Small Farmers
- Bert Kelly on Apathy
- Bert Kelly in 1967 on "problems of government and things like that"
- The last "Dave's Diary"
- Bert Kelly vs The Australian on tariffs in 1977
- Bounties or Tariffs, Someone Pays
- Geriatric companies without a minder
- A free marketeer wary of free trade
- Nixon's puzzling profession of faith
- "Ford ... seems to spend more time bending its knees than its back"
- Clyde Cameron's weak ways with wise words
- Why flaunt what others flout?
- Bert Kelly yearns for Tim Flannery's powers of prediction
- Looking after yourself is silly
- Bert Kelly masterpiece on drought, fire, flood and other natural disaster relief schemes
- Government can take credit for our car industry mess
- Car makers want the 4wd driven deeper into tariff bog
- Why our MP is no longer prone to a good sob story
- Auto industry is in a straitjacket
- Bert Kelly on market predictions
- Why should dryland farmers subsidise irrigation farmers?
- How much should government decrease incentive for independence from government?
- Clarkson crowned Deputy Government Whip
- Bert Kelly to blame for soaring government healthcare costs
- 1959 return of Dave's Diary
- Bert Kelly in 1966 on developing northern Australia
- Successful government intervention can [sic] occur
- Vernon Report upholds Clarkson
- Quiet Man Makes An Impact
- Should it be compulsory to buy footwear and clothing?
- To save Australian clothing industry women must all wear same uniform
- Don't confuse plucking heart strings with plucking harp strings
- Speech only for public
- Catchy Tariff Circus Extravaganza
- Bert Kelly in 1985 on cars yet again
- Hurrah for the Gang of Five
- Thoughts on a verse about Balfour
- Bert Kelly pep talk to politicians
- Government intervention = Agony postponed but death brought nearer
- Recipe for disaster: Freeze!
- Recipe for government intervention: Gather winners and scatter losers
- Recipe for industry destruction: Blanket market signals
- Mavis writes!
- Bert Kelly's empiricism is not kneejerk reaction kind
- The $2,000 song of the shirt worker
- Subsiding only small farmers means subsiding the big banks
- Difficult to be fast on your feet when you've got your ear to the ground
- It would surprise people to see how sensible MPs behave if they think they are not being watched
- Bert Kelly on "this land of limitless resources" and "great open spaces"
- Growing bananas at the South Pole
- Car components tariff protection under fire
- Why carry a $300m car subsidy?
- Tariff feather beds for the foreign giants
- Bert Kelly says end compulsory voting to stop donkey vote
- Perhaps being smart and insured isn't all luck
- You gets your tariff, you pays a price
- More funds to train Olympians?
- Fire in their guts and wind in ours
- Should free universal healthcare include pets?
- Sound advice from a modest farmer
- A tottering monument to intervention
- Cunning meets wisdom
- Competition, Aussie-style: Who's the bigger parasite?
- Australians are proud patriotic parasites, says Bert Kelly
- Taxpayer-funded sport is cheating
- Being loved by all is not always a good thing
- Welfare State Destroys Society
- 1980 Bert Kelly feather bed series
- The White Mice Marketing Board
- Government intervention and advice can be harmful, even when right, even for those it tries to help
- One small step on the compulsory voting landmine
- The free & compulsory education sacred cows have no clothes
- Holding a loaded wallet to an economist's head
- Political No Man's Land
- Only blind greed demands both equality and prosperity
- A cow that sucks itself — that's us!
- Genocide by Welfare: A Tragedy from the Aboriginal Welfare Industry
- Singo and Howard on Aborigines
- Bert Kelly's 1984 two-article quote-collection on Aboriginal policies
- Hitting out with a halo
- Undeserved handouts make Australia the lucky country
- A happy story about Aborigines
- The Govt's helping hand often hurts
- Handouts for big boys only
- Hugh Morgan's heroic fight against constrained politeness
- Thomas Sowell, McGuinness, Aborigines and other minorities
- Genocide with kindness
- Imagine a unionised household
- Being loved by all is not always a good thing
- Paddy McGuinness defends comparing IQ of races